Camellia lanceolata (Blume) Seem., Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 22 (1859)

Latin for 'lance-shaped'.

Calpandria lanceolata Blume
Camellia furfuracea subsp. megacarpa (Elmer) T.L.Ming
Camellia lanceolata var. mollis (Merr.) T.L.Ming
Camellia minahassae Koord.
Camellia quisosaura (Korth.) Seem.
Salceda montana Blanco
Thea lanceolata var. mollis Merr.
Thea megacarpa Elmer

Understorey tree up to 15 m tall and 25 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves simple, glabrous or sparsely strigose, lighter green beneath, punctate, oblongish or broadly lanceolate, 5-8 x 3 cm, subentire or crenately toothed, the base rounded to broadly obtuse, apex bluntly acute or obtuse; petioles short, thick. Flowers white-yellow, fragrant, ca. 13 mm diameter, few-clustered from coarsely reticulate, short, axillary stalks with ovate-lanceolate, caducous bracts; petals twice as long as calyx; staminal tube erect, thick; anthers small; ovaries densely yellowish gray-hairy. Fruits hard dehiscent capsule, nut like, pendulous, ovoid-globose, 2-4 cm across, irregularly trigonous, opening from the apex to base, scurfy brown.

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp and sub-montane forests up to 2100 m altitude. Mostly along rivers and streams and on hillsides. Also found on limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant.

Thailand to Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, East-Kalimantan), Philippines, Celebes.

Local names
Philippines: Haikan.