Symplocos adenophylla Wall. ex G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1837)

Latin for 'glanded leaf', referring to the glands at the leaf margin.

Dicalix punctomarginatus (A. Chevalier ex Guillaumin) Migo
Eugeniodes adenophyllum (Wall. ex G.Don) O.K.
Symplocos adenophylla var. atrata Brand
Symplocos adenophylla var. merrittii Brand
Symplocos adenophylla var. montana Ridl.
Symplocos adenophylla var. virgata Wall. ex Brand
Symplocos bancana Miq.
Symplocos beccarii Brand
Symplocos brandii Elmer
Symplocos clemensolum Guillaum
Symplocos constricta Brand
Symplocos fulvosa King & Gamble
Symplocos iteophylla Miq.
Symplocos iteophylla var. elliptica Miq.
Symplocos iteophylla var. rostrata Miq.
Symplocos maclurei Merr.
Symplocos pahangensis Brand
Symplocos palawanensis Brand
Symplocos punctomarginata Chev. ex Guillaum
Symplocos pruniflora Ridl.
Symplocos stewardii Sleumer
Symplocos touranensis Guillaum

Trees 4-10 m tall. Young branchlets, buds, inflorescences, bracts, and calyces reddish brown powdery puberulent. Branchlets reddish brown. Petiole 5-10 mm, margin glandular punctate; leaf blade narrowly elliptic, elliptic, or narrowly ovate, 6-11 x 1.8-3 cm, thickly papery, powdery but soon glabrescent, base cuneate, margin subentire to sinuous-dentate and with elliptic punctate glands, apex caudate-acuminate, lateral veins 4-12 pairs. Racemes or spikes, 2-6 cm, 1-3-branched, axis tomentellous-puberulent when young; bracts and bractlets persistent, triangular-ovate, 1-1.5 mm. Ovary 1-2 mm. Calyx 0.5-1 mm; lobes semi-orbicular, 0.3-0.5 mm. Corolla ca. 3 mm. Stamens 30-35. Disc annular, glabrous. Drupes ellipsoid-cylindric, 6-12 x 3-5 mm. [From Flora of China]

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp, keranga, sub-montane and montane forests up to 2200 m altitude. On hillsides and ridges. Mostly on poor sandy to ultramafic soils. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant.

The timber is used for light construction. Used for tanning cloth. Also some magical properties (when leaves carried in dart container, hunting will be more successful).

From southern China to New Guinea (although apparently absent in Java). In Borneo found throughout the island.

Local names
Borneo:Jiak, Jirah, Jirak, Kabang, Kayu kain, Loboh, Pelawan-pelawan.
China: Xian ye shan fan.