Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Nooteboom, Fl. Mal. 1, 6 (1962)

Latin for 'from the Indies', referring to its Asian distribution.

Karin-Njoti Rheede
Locandia glandulifera (Presl.) Pierre
Locandia indica (Gaertn.) O.K.
Locandia madagascariensis (Juss.) O.K.
Locandia mekongensis (Pierre) Pierre
Locandia merguensis Pierre
Locandia pendula (Blanco) Pierre
Manungala pendula Blanco
Mauduita penduliflora Comm. ex DC
Niota commersonii Pers.
Niota lamarckiana Blume
Niota lucida Wall.
Niota pentapetala Poir.
Niota tetrapetala Poir.
Samadera brevipetala Scheff.
Samadera glandulifera Presl.
Samadera indica Gaertn.
Samadera indica var. brevipetala (Scheff.) Back
Samadera indica var. papuana Laut.
Samadera madagascariensis Juss.
Samadera mekongensis (Pierre) Engl.
Samadera pentapetala (Poir.) G.Don.
Samadera tetrapetala (Poir.) G.Don.
Samandura indica (Gaertn.) Baill.
Samandura madagascariensis (Juss.) Perrier de la Bathie
Samandura mekongensis Pierre
Vitmannia elliptica Vahl
Vitmannia lucida Steud.

Sub-canopy tree up to 21 m tall and 39 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, tertiary venation conspicuously reticulate, glabrous. Flowers ca. 47 mm diameter, yellow-red, placed in small flower heads. Fruits ca. 65 mm long, red-purple, flattened drupes.

In undisturbed to slightly disturbed (open) coastal and (peat)-swamp forests up to 200 m altitude. On alluvial sites with sandy soils, but also found on limestone.

The wood is used for 'parang' handles. The roots and fruits are used to treat stomach-ache. The plant is also used to produce an organic insecticide. The seeds are used as an emetic and purgative, and sometimes in bilious fevers.

Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia to New Guinea and the Solomon Islands (but not on Java and the Lesser Sunda Islands).

Local names
Borneo: Gatep pait, Humbi, Kacang-kacang, Kayu pait, Kelpahit, Kepait, Manuggal, Pait-pait.