Lepisanthes rubiginosa (Roxb.) Leenh., Blumea 17 (1969)
Latin for 'red-brown'.
Erioglossum edule (Blume) Blume
Erioglossum edule var. album Blume
Erioglossum edule var. corymbosum Teijsm. & Binn.
Erioglossum edule var. fraxinifolia (DC) Blume
Erioglossum edule var. genuina Blume ex Koord. & Valet.
Erioglossum edule var. subcorymbosum Blume
Erioglossum rubiginosum (Roxb.) Blume
Lepisanthes hirta Ridl.
Moulinsia rubiginosa (Rox.) G.Don.
Sapindus edulis Blume
Sapindus fraxinifolia DC
Sapindus rubiginosa Roxb.
Uitenia edulis (Blume) Steud.
Shrubs or small trees, evergreen, usually 2-3 m tall, sometimes to 7 m tall. Bark dark brown, irregularly longitudinally fissured;
young branches, inflorescences, and leaf axis densely ferruginous tomentose. Leaves with petiole 15-50 cm; leaflets 2-8 pairs;
petiolules short, less than 5 mm, stout; blades abaxially becoming brown when dry, adaxially deep green, slightly shiny, first pair
(near base) ovate, evidently smaller, gradually larger toward leaf apex, elliptic-ovate to narrowly elliptic, 3-20 cm, leathery,
abaxially densely tomentose, adaxially hairy only on midvein and lateral veins, lateral veins ca. 10 pairs, tips not reaching margin,
base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin entire, apex obtuse or rounded, rarely acute. Inflorescences compound racemose, only branched
once, densely flowered on upper part of branches; bracts subulate. Flowers fragrant, ca. 5 mm in diam. Sepals suborbicular, 2-2.5 mm.
Petals 4, obovate, ca. 5 mm. Filaments villous. Fertile schizocarps red, 1.2-1.4 cm x 5-7 mm. [From Flora of China]
In disturbed and open habitat types, including coastal (beach) and swamp
areas up to 200 m altitude. On hillsides and ridges and alluvial sites with
sandy soils, but also on limestone.
The wood is used as tool handle or as fire-wood. The root (boiled) is used
to treat coughing. The roots and leaves are used to treat fever. The young
leaves and fruits are edible.
From India and southern China to New Guinea and Australia. In Borneo
collected in Brunei, Sabah, South- and East-Kalimantan.
Borneo: Borobogan, Damai, Kundurui, Lipupudsu, Suang rason.