Helicia robusta (Roxb.) R.Br. ex Wall., Cat. (1831)

Latin for 'strong or tough'.

Helicia castaneaefolia Meisn.
Helicia cumingiana Presl.
Helicia cumingiana var. parvifolia Merr.
Helicia glabrata Meisn.
Helicia integra Merr.
Helicia integrifolia Elmer
Helicia javanica Blume
Helicia longiflora Merr.
Helicia oligophlebia Merr.
Helicia philippinensis Meisn.
Helicia travancorica Bedd. ex Hook.f.
Helittophyllum javanicum Blume
Roupala glabrata Wall.
Roupala robusta Roxb.
Roupala serrata Reinw. ex Blume

Understorey tree up to 17 m tall and 28 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous, leaf margin often toothed. Flowers ca. 13 mm diameter, white-yellow-orange, placed in racemes. Fruits ca. 34 mm diameter, green-purple, drupes.

In undisturbed to slightly disturbed (open) mixed dipterocarp, swamp and sub-montane forests up to 1200 m altitude. Usually on alluvial (periodically inundated) sites or along rivers and streams, on sandy soils. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant.

The wood is locally used for shafts of axes and house building. Young shoots can be eaten as a vegetable.

India, Burma, Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, South- and East-Kalimantan), Philippines.

Local names
Borneo: Bronsop, Buak-buak, Buntal, Jaring jaringan Jawa, Korodo, Luan, Palis, Ponsch, Watutu.