Ardisia cymosa Blume, Bijdr. 689 (1826)

Name meaning 'flowers in cymes'.

Afrardisia cymosa (Baker) Mez
Ardisia argenticaulis Y.P.Yang
Ardisia cagayanensis Merr.
Ardisia chinensis Benth.
Ardisia jiajiangensis Z.Y.Zhu
Ardisia nutans A.DC.
Ardisia odontophylla Lindl.
Ardisia perakensis King & Gamble
Ardisia punctata Blume [Illegitimate]
Ardisia singaporensis Ridl.
Ardisia suffruticosa Ridl.
Ardisia triflora Hemsl.
Ardisia umbrosa Zoll. & Moritzi
Ardisia undulatodentata H.R.Fletcher
Bladhia chinensis (Benth.) Nakai
Bladhia chinensis var. minor Nakai
Bladhia triflora (Hemsl.) Nakai
Tinus chinensis (Benth.) Kuntze
Tinus nutans (A. DC.) Kuntze
Tinus triflora (Hemsl.) Kuntze

Shrubs or subshrubs with creeping rhizomes. Stems to 45 cm, minutely blackish brown scaly when young, glabrescent. Petiole 3-8(-10) mm, brown scaly; leaf blade obovate or elliptic, 3-8 x 1.5-3 cm, papery, glabrous adaxially, ~ brown scaly abaxially, base cuneate, margin undulate or repand to subentire, slightly revolute, apex obtuse to acute; lateral veins numerous, marginal vein present. Inflorescences axillary, simple, subumbellate, 3-10-flowered; peduncle 1-3 cm. Flowers white or sometimes pinkish, ca. 3 mm. Pedicel 5-8 mm, slender, blackish brown scaly. Sepals triangular-ovate, ca. 1 mm, brown scaly, punctate or not, margin ciliate, apex acute. Petals free or nearly so, ovate, glabrous, not punctate, apex acute or acuminate. Stamens ca. 2/3 as long as petals; anthers ovate, punctate or not dorsally, apex acute, apiculate. Ovary glabrous, ovules 5 or 6, uniseriate. Fruit red becoming blackish, globose, ca. 5 mm in diam., not punctate, glabrous. [Flora of China]

Mixed forests, hillsides, valleys, along streams, dark damp places; 300-800 m.

Southern China, Japan, Taiwan into Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia and western Indonesia.

Local names
China: Xiao zi jin niu.