Xanthophyllum flavescens Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3 (1820)

Latin for 'yellowish', referring to the flowers

Banisteroides affine (Korth. ex Miq.) Kuntze
Banisterodes excelsum (Blume) O.K.
Jakkia excelsa Blume
Kaulfussia geminiflora Dennst.
Monnina excelsa (Blume) Sprengel
Xanthophyllum adenopodum Miq.
Xanthophyllum affine Korth. ex Miq.
Xanthophyllum affine var. adenopodum (Miq.) Koord. & Valet.
Xanthophyllum excelsum (Blume) Miq.
Xanthophyllum floriferum Elmer
Xanthophyllum geminiflorum (Dennst.) Alston
Xanthophyllum glandulosum Merr.
Xanthophyllum loheri Merr.
Xanthophyllum multiramosum Elmer
Xanthophyllum pallidum Ridl.
Xanthophyllum siamense Craib

Upper canopy tree up to 42 m tall and 67 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous, often with glands on lower surface near the petiole insertion. Flowers ca. 11 mm diameter, white-yellow, placed in branched inflorescences. Fruits ca. 19 mm diameter, yellow-red, drupes. Seed with aril.

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp, coastal, swamp and sub-montane forests up to 1500 m altitude. Usually on alluvial sites and near or along rivers and streams (also in tidal regions), but also collected on ridges. On sandy soils, but also on limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant.

The timber is used. Parts of the plant are used medicinally, in beverages, dyes, insecticides. Also planted as a shade tree.

India to Thailand and Indo-China, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (throughout the island), Philippines.

Local names in Borneo
Malindo, Margaram, Minyak berok.