Baccaurea pubera (Miq.) Mull.Arg., in DC. Prodr. 15, 2 (1866)

Latin for 'hairy'.

Baccaurea elmeri Merr.
Baccaurea latifolia King ex Hook.f.
Baccaurea puberula Merr.
Pierardia pubera Miq.

Tree 5.7-40 m high, dbh 5-59 cm; bole sometimes fluted, rarely with buttresses up to 30 cm out, up to 6 cm thick; branchlets densely hairy to sometimes sparsely hairy, Terminalia branching pattern weakly developed. Indumentum of stellate and simple hairs. Bark pale brown to greyish when fresh, brown to brown-red when dry, smooth; inner bark red to brown, c. 2 mm thick. Leaves: petiole 34-130 mm long, usually densely hairy, raised glands rarely present; stipules 5.5-11 by 4-8.5 mm, densely hairy outside and inside, margin ciliate, not hyaline; lamina (ovate to) elliptic (to obovate), 13-36 by 5.4-14.9 cm, l/w ratio 1.7-2.4, papery to somewhat leathery; base rounded to attenuate; apex acuminate, 4-10 mm long; upper surface (sub)glabrous, raised glands absent (to present), usually granulate, dark (grey-)brown to blackish when dry, nervation light (to dark) brown to whitish, (slightly) sunken; lower surface densely hairy, raised glands absent (to present), discoid glands (hairy) in a row between secondary veins, yellowish-brown when dry; secondary veins (5-)8-13 per side, usual-ly closed at margin, not completely parallel; nervation reticulate to weakly scalariform, (yellowish) brown. Staminate inflorescences axillary to just below the leaves, solitary to 3 clustered together, 0.5-16.5 cm long, c. 1 mm thick, branched, densely hairy, many-flowered, flowers scattered along inflorescence; bracts 1 per branchlet, triangular to lanceolate, 1.5-4 mm long, densely hairy outside and inside, margin ciliate, not hyaline; bracteoles usually absent, or 1-few; branchlets cylindrical, 4-11 mm long, densely hairy, 5-16-flowered. Staminate flowers 1.3-2.5 mm diam., lime green to whitish yellow to pale green; pedicel 0.5-2.1 mm long, upper part 0.1-0.9 mm long, densely hairy; sepals 4 or 5, ovate to obovate, 0.8-1.3 by 0.3-0.7 mm, apex slightly recurved to straight, densely hairy outside and inside; staminodes 4 or 5, less than 1 mm long; stamens 4 or 5, 0.1-0.6 mm long, glabrous; ?laments 0.15-0.5 mm long, straight; anthers 0.1-0.3 by 0.2-0.25 by c. 0.1 mm; disc absent; pistillode flat, 0.1-0.3 mm high, densely hairy. Pistillate inflorescences ramiflorous to cauline; sepals persistent; stigmas caducous. Pistillate flowers: sepals 5, yellow; ovary 3-locular. Infructescences 4-16 cm long, 1-2.5 mm thick. Fruits pear-shaped to (sub)globose, 5- or 6-seeded, fleshy capsules, 25-34 by 29-35 by 29-34 mm, c. 4 cm diam. when fresh, usually not dehiscent; raised glands present to absent, ruminate when dry, densely hairy to sparsely hairy outside, subglabrous inside, brown to yellow ochre; pericarp 2-5 mm thick; column 19-24 mm long, straight, persistent; pedicel 11-14 mm long, upper part 2.5-4 mm long. Seeds globose to ellipsoid, laterally flattened, 13-17.5 by 8.3-14.3 by 5.5-8 mm; arillode yellowish to orange; testa brown; cotyledons 10-12.2 by 9.5-11.2 by 0.1-2 mm; radicle 0-1.5 mm long. [from Flora Malesiana]

In undisturbed, rarely disturbed, mixed dipterocarp and sub-montane forests up to 1500 m altitude. Mostly on hillsides and ridges on clay soils.

Fruits are edible, sweet.

Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.

Local names
Borneo Kunkurad, Monyak buruk, Paih, Puak, Pugi, Silu buang, Tampoi, Tampui.
Sumatra Sebenggang, sibongang.