Baccaurea odoratissima Elm., Leafl. Philip. Bot. 4 (1911)

Latin for 'strongly fragrant'.

Vegetatively almost indistinguishable from Baccaurea parviflora.

Baccaurea membranacea Pax & K.Hoffm.
Baccaurea trunciflora Merr.

Treelet to tree 2-17 m high, dbh 4.4-20 cm, buttresses absent; branchlets sparsely hairy, female plants rarely glabrous, Terminalia branching pattern well-developed. Indumentum of simple hairs, usually in combination with stellate hairs. Bark yellow to grey-brown when fresh, whitish grey when dry, 0.1-2.5 mm thick; inner bark yellow to orange-brown, 0.1-0.4 mm thick. Leaves: petiole 9-82 mm long, sparsely hairy, female plants rarely glabrous, (green- or red-)brown when dry, raised glands present; stipules 1.7-8 by 0.5-2 mm, glabrous to sparsely hairy outside, but densely hairy when young, glabrous inside, midrib densely hairy outside, margin (not) ciliate; lamina obovate to elliptic (to ovate), 6.4-19 by 2-9.9 cm, l/w ratio 1.5-3.3, papery; base acute to attenuate, apex rounded to cuspidate, up to 22 mm long; upper surface glabrous, raised glands usually present, green-brown when dry; lower surface glabrous, sparsely hairy at veins, raised glands usually present, discoid glands absent, brown when dry; secondary veins 3-8 per side, usually closed at margin; nervation reticulate to weakly scalariform; young leaves red-brown. Staminate inflorescences axillary to ramiflorous, solitary to few clustered together, 1.4-8 cm long, up to 1 mm thick, densely hairy, more than 30-flowered, flowers scattered along inflorescence; branchlets absent; bracts 3 per branchlet, c. 0.6 mm long, persistent, glabrous to densely hairy outside, glabrous inside, margin ciliate, sometimes hyaline. Staminate flowers 3 per branchlet, 1-2 mm diam., pale yellow; pedicel 0.8-2.5 mm long, upper part 0.6-2.1 mm long, densely hairy; sepals 4(-6), ovate, 0.9-1.2 by 0.7-0.9 mm, apex slightly recurved, densely hairy outside, glabrous inside; stamens 4-7, (0.2-)0.8-0.9 mm long, glabrous; fila-ments (0.2-)0.8 mm long, straight; anthers 0.1-0.3 by c. 0.1 by 0.1 mm; disc absent; pistillode subglobose to cylindrical, (0.2-)0.9 mm long, densely hairy, solid. Pistillate inflorescences cauline (to ramiflorous), solitary to 3 clustered together, 2-26.5 cm long, 0.5-1.5 mm thick, sparsely to densely hairy, 9-many-flowered, red; pedicel 1.2-3.5 mm long, upper part 0.5-1 mm long, densely hairy, light green to red; bracts 3 per flower, persistent, sparsely to densely hairy outside, glabrous inside, margin ciliate. Pistillate flowers 5-11 mm diam.; sepals 4, obovate, 4-6 by 2-2.7 mm, sparsely hairy outside, densely hairy inside, greenish yellow when fresh, brown outside when dry, whitish inside when dry, caducous; ovary globose, 1.2-2.5 by 1.7-2.6 mm, 2-locular, densely hairy to velutinous, light green; style 0-0.1 mm long, c. 1 mm broad; stigmas white, 0.5-0.9 mm long, not lobed, glabrous on both sides, persistent, rarely caducous. Fruits subglobose to double globose, 0-2-seeded, fleshy capsules, 7.2-12 by 8-13.5 by (4-)6.8-11, irregularly splitting, glabrous on both sides, densely hairy when young outside, raised glands usually absent, red to shiny brown; pericarp up to 0.5 mm thick; column 6-10 mm long, caducous, straight; pedicel 2.5-9.5 mm long, upper part 0.5-3 mm. Seeds subglobose to ellipsoid, laterally flattened, 6.5-10 by 2.5-8 by 2.5-6 mm; arillode blue; cotyledons 5.5-7 by 6.8-7.2 by 0.1-0.3 mm; endosperm 1.5 mm thick; radicle 1.3-1.5 mm long. [from Flora Malesiana]

In undisturbed and disturbed mixed dipterocarp to sub-montane forests up to 1500 m altitude. Mostly on hillsides and ridges, but also common on alluvial sites. On sandy to clay soils.

Fruits are edible.

Borneo, Philippines.

Local names
Borneo Botung kratek, Engkuni, Enkunig, Enkuri, Kukunal, Kunau, Kunau-kunau, Kune madamayam, Mata kunau, Mata pelanduk, Rambai tikus, Sarotik, Tampoi keli.