Baccaurea deflexa Mull.Arg., in DC. Prodr. 15, 2 (1866)

Latin for 'bend down'.

Treelet or tree 6-29 m high, dbh 10-70 cm, buttresses rarely present, up to 1 m high; branchlets glabrous, densely hairy when young, Terminalia branching pattern weakly developed. Indumentum of simple and stellate hairs. Bark grey to brown reddish when fresh, brown when dry, up to 2 mm thick, smooth to rough, peeling off in strips of 5-10 mm long; inner bark red to brownish to yellowish. Heartwood reddish. Leaves: petiole 17-50 mm long, subglabrous to densely hairy, raised glands absent; stipules 3-6 by 1-2.5 mm, densely hairy outside, glabrous inside, margin ciliate, not hyaline; lamina ovate to obovate, 7.5-19.5 by 3.8-8.9 cm, l/w ratio 1.6-2.5, papery to slightly leathery; base acute to attenuate; marginal glands rarely as small indentations; apex acuminate to cuspidate, 4-14 mm long; upper surface glabrous, rarely granulate, brown to grey when dry; lower surface subglabrous to densely hairy, raised glands absent, few discoid glands sometimes present, (greyish) brown when dry; secondary veins (5 or) 6-8 (or 9) per side, closed at margin or almost so; nervation (weakly) scalariform, brown to white-brown when dry. Staminate inflorescences axillary to cauline, solitary to 4(-many) clustered together, 1-5 cm long, c. 1 mm thick, branched, densely hairy, many-flowered, flowers scattered along inflorescence; bracts 0.5-1 mm long, 1 or 3 (then 2 rudimentary) per branchlet, densely hairy outside, glabrous (to densely hairy?) inside, margin ciliate, not hyaline; branchlets cylindrical, 0.5-2.2 mm long, densely hairy, 3-flowered. Staminate flowers 1-2.5 mm diam., sessile, green; sepals 3 or 4, ovate, 0.5-1.5 by 0.5-1.5 mm, apex slightly recurved, outside and inside densely hairy; stamens (4-)6, 0.3-0.6 mm long, glabrous; filaments 0.3-0.5 mm long, straight; anthers 0.1-0.15 by 0.1-0.3 by 0.1-0.15 mm; disc absent; pistillode absent to present, globose, up to 0.3 mm high, velutinous, solid. Pistillate inflorescences axillary to ramiflorous, 1-3 clustered together, 3.5-9 cm long, 0.4-1 mm thick, densely hairy, many-flowered, yellow; pedicel 1-2.5 mm long, upper part 0.5-2 mm long, geniculate (90 degree bent), densely hairy; bracts 1 or 3 (2 very small) per branchlet, densely to sparsely hairy outside, glabrous inside, margin ciliate. Pistillate flowers 1.6-3.1 mm diam., yellow-green; sepals (4 or) 5 or 6, ovate to triangular, 1-2 by 0.4-1.5 mm, outside and inside densely hairy, caducous to rarely persistent; ovary globose to cylindrical, 1.2-2 by 1-1.5 mm, 2-locular, densely hairy; style absent; stigmas 0.3-0.6 mm long, cleft, caducous; lobes 0.3-0.6 by c. 0.2 mm, glabrous above and below. Infructescences 5-17 cm long, 1-2.5 mm thick. Fruits subglobose to ellipsoid, but laterally flattened, usually 1- (or 2-)seeded fleshy capsules, 9-12 by 6-15 by 3-14 mm, loculicidally and often also septicidally dehiscent, raised glands absent, subglabrous to densely hairy outside, velutinous inside; pericarp 0.5-2 mm thick; column 7-12 mm long, curved to straight, persistent; pedicel 2-6 mm long, upper part 1-3 mm long. Seeds subglobose, laterally flattened, 5.8-12 by 4.5-8 by 2.5-4 mm; cotyledons 2.5-4 by 3-5 by c. 0.1 mm; radicle c. 1 mm long; endosperm up to 1 mm thick. Seeds with orange aril. [from Blumea Suppl. 12: 1--216 (2000)]

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 500 m altitude. On alluvial and dry sites with sandy soils.

Trees sometimes cultivated in forest gardens for the edible fruit.

Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.

Local names
Borneo Encia, Jentihan, Keliwan, Lubi, Mata tingan, Tampoi.
Sumatra Bergang gaya, birah mato, djatikau, djentikan betima, djentikan merah, merah matu, tampoei. Simeulu? Island: Bolawah ontur, bolawah silai. Bangka: Kepris, ketjepat, masput, rankop, rankup.