Scorodocarpus borneensis (Baill.) Becc., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 9 (1877)

Latin for 'from Borneo'.

Ximenia borneensis Baill.

Upper canopy tree up to 42 m tall and 82 cm dbh. All parts strongly smelling of garlic/onions. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni- to almost tripli-veined, glabrous. Flowers ca. 13 mm diameter, yellow-reddish, placed in short racemes. Fruits ca. 38 mm long, green-yellow-browninsh, pear-shaped drupes.

In undisturbed to slightli disturbed (open) mixed dipterocarp forests up to 700 m altitude. On alluvial sites near rivers and streams and on hillsides. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant.

Wood is used for indoor construction. The bark and fruits are used to flavour food (as onion/garlic substitute). Leaves are used as vegetable. Fruits are edible.

Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (throughout the island).

Local names
Borneo: Bawang hutan, Ja'oi, Kayu hindu, Kesidu, Kisinduh, Mencorug, Sagad-berauh, Sindok.