Knema latifolia Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897)

Latin for 'with broad leaves'.

Knema nitida Merr.
Knema umbellata Warb.
Knema winkleri Merr.
Myristica umbellata (Warb.) Boerl.

Understorey tree up to 20 m tall and 24 cm dbh. Bole without buttresses; crown cylindrical or pyramidal; bark nearly smooth, peeling in narrow strips; inner bark brittle, pinkish, red, or light brown; wood off-white, pale yellow, or pinkish. Leaves very glossy green above, grey-green or glaucous beneath; midrib yellow-green, drying brown to red-brown beneath. Flowers outside (yellowish) green, yellowish inside. Fruits yellow or (orange-)brown, the furry greyish to rusty.

Tree 4-20 m. Twigs (1-)2-3 mm diameter, at first with minute greyish hairs 0.1 mm long, early glabrescent; bark finely or coarsely striate, sometimes faintly cracking, not flaking. Leaves (thinly) coriaceous, (elliptic-)oblong to obovate-oblong, (7-)10-30 by (2.5-)4.5-12.5 cm, apex broadly acute(-acuminate) or subobtuse, base attenuate to rounded; greenish brown to blackish, often glossy above; lower surface grey or pinkish brown, at first with sparse stellate scale-like hairs 0.1 mm long, early glabrescent; dots absent; midrib +/- raised above; nerves 8-16 pairs, slightly raised above; venation distinct above; petiole 15-30 by 2-4 mm. Inflorescences: sessile or pedunculate up to 5 mm, brachyblast simple or 2-4-furcate, to 8 mm long; in male 5-15-flowered, female 1-5- flowered; flowers with grey-brown stellate hairs 0.1(-0.2) mm long or less, subglabrescent; perianth 3- (or 4-)lobed, pale yellowish inside (always?). Male flowers: pedicel 5-10 mm long, bracteole subpersistent, subapical; buds depressed globose or broadly (ob)ovoid, +/- trigonous, 2.5-3.5 by 3.5-5 mm, cleft 4/5(-5/6), lobes 0.5-1 mm thick; staminal disc sharply 3- (or 4-)angled, flat or slightly convex, 2-2.5 mm diameter; anthers 3 (or 4), sessile below the angles of the disc, horizontal, 0.5-1 mm long, not touching; androphore slender, 0.5-1 mm long. Female flowers: pedicel (4-)5-10 mm long, bracteole median or above; buds ellipsoid-obovoid, with a faint constriction below the middle, 5-7 by 4 mm, cleft 2/3-3/4, lobes 1 mm thick; ovary ovoid, 2-2.5 mm long; style 0.5-0.8 mm long; stigma fleshy, +/- 2-lobed and each lobe again (2-)3-5-lobulate. Fruits 1 or 2 per infructescence, globose-ellipsoid or ellipsoid-oblong, somewhat flattened, often ridged, often somewhat saccate at base, 2-3.5 by 2-3 cm; dry pericarp 2-3 mm thick, with grey to rusty hairs 0.1-0.2 mm long, subglabrescent; fruiting pedicel 7-20 mm long. [from Flora Malesiana]

Primary or degraded lowland forest; forest on hill sides, ridges, low undulating ground, sometimes (peat-)swamp forest; mixed dipterocarp forest, Agathis forest; on loam-, clay-, sand-, acid-, and lime-containing soils; 0-500 m altitude.

Sumatra, Borneo.

Local names
Borneo: Darah-darah, Pendarahan.