Ficus uniglandulosa Wall. ex. Miq., London J. Bot. 7 (1848)

Latin for 'with a single gland'.

Ficus copelandii C.B.Rob.
Ficus subsubulata Miq.
Ficus uniglandulosa var. latior Miq.
Ficus uniglandulosa var. parvifolia Miq.

Understorey (strangling) tree up to 15 m tall and 14 cm dbh. Stem with white sap. Stipules ca. 5 mm long, glabrous. Leaves alternate, simple, penni- to tripli-veined, tertiary venation conspicuously reticulate, glabrous. Fruits ca. 5 mm diameter, yellow-orange-red, globose figs placed along the twigs.

Dioecious strangler. Leaves thin- to thick-coriaceous, glabrous, drying greenish yellow; elliptic or oblong, 5-21 x 2.5-10.5 cm, base cuneate, margin entire, revolute, apex acuminate, acumen 1-2 cm long; midrib raised above; lateral veins 4-7 pairs, with shorter veins in between, forming a wide angle with the midrib, with a dark brown gland in the axil of each basal lateral vein below, looping and joining to form a distinct intramarginal vein, distinctly raised below, visible above; intercostal venation finely reticulate-areolate, often distinctly visible below, invisible above; petiole 0.7-1.5 cm long. Syconia in clusters on the twigs behind the leaves, glabrous, oblong to subglobose, 0.5-0.7 cm diameter, ostiole often sunken, base tapered into slender stalk 0.3-0.5 cm long. [from Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]

In undisturbed to slightly disturbed (open) sites in mixed dipterocarp and sub-montane forests up to 1700 m altitude. Often along rivers and streams and on hillsides. Common on limestone, but also on sand and clay soils.

Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi.

Local names
Borneo: Akar karak, Kara, Wa punot.