Ficus stricta (Miq.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 266 (1867)

Species name meaning 'drawn close together, stiff', referring to the fruits?

Urostigma strictum Miq.

Strangler fig. Stipule glabrous. Leaves alternate and glabrous, elongate, smooth margin, venation faint with secondary veins close together, looping near margin. Figs placed on twigs, greenish- brown?

Monoecious strangler, 15-20 m tall. Twigs crooked, not drooping, brown, 0.2-0.3 cm thick. Leaves glabrous, drying to straw colour; elliptic, 10-15 x 3.5-8.5 cm, base cuneate, margin entire, plane, apex acute; midrib flat above; lateral veins numerous, close and parallel, very faint on both surfaces, with 2-3 shorter veins in between; intercostal venation invisible; petiole 1-1.2 cm long, channelled on the adaxial side, drying yellowish. Syconia on twigs behind the leaves, sessile, subglobose, 1-1.2 cm diameter, irregularly wrinkled on drying, apex umbonate; basal bracts ovate, prominent, persistent. [from Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]

Forests up to 1800 m elevation. Oriental pied hornbills were observed to feed on its ripe syconia in Singapore.


From Southern China into Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines.

Local names
China: jin zhi rong.