Ficus hemsleyana King, Sp. Ficus 2 (1888)

Named after W.B. Hemsley [1843-1924], a British botanist.

Understorey tree (strangling) up to 12 m tall and 24 cm dbh. Stem with white sap. Stipules ca. 14 mm long, hairy. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, hairy below, base strongly asymmetrical, margin wavy, tip pointed. Fruits ca. 6 mm diameter, yellow-orange-red, globose figs placed on the stem in small, globose clusters.

Dioecious tree, up to 12 m tall, 24 cm diameter, or climber. Twigs c. 0.3 cm thick, grey-white, slightly angled, covered with reddish brown hairs. Stipules lanceolate, acute, 1.5-1.8 cm long, brown hairy, subpersistent. Leaves spirally arranged, thin-coriaceous, sessile, reddish brown hairy below to almost glabrous; oblong, 19-35 x 5-13 cm, base distinctly auriculate on one side, margin toothed, apex acuminate, acumen 4-5 cm long; midrib raised above, keeled below; lateral veins 7-10 pairs, steeply ascending, raised below, sunken above, basal pairs extending to almost 1/2 the length of the blade, with a gland in each axil below; intercostal venation reticulate to scalariform, visible below, distinctly sunken above. Syconia in clusters on tubercles arising from the stem, globose, 0.4-0.6 cm diameter, ripening orange, glabrous or hairy, apex depressed; peduncle 0.7- 1.5 cm long; basal bracts 2-3, minute; internal bristles few, minute. Tepals 3-5, oblong or ligulate, free or slightly joined at the base, white to red-brown. Achenes ovoid, c. 1.5 mm long, distinctly keeled at the apex. [from Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp to sub-montane forests up to 1600 m altitude. Usually on alluvial sites near or along rivers and streams. On clay to sandy soils, but also on limestone.


Local names
Borneo: Akar karak, Kara (Iban), Lunok (Kenyah), Tuban.