Artocarpus lanceifolius Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3 (1832)
Latin for 'lance-shaped leaves'.
Artocarpus clementis Merr.
Artocarpus lanceifolius var. clementis (Merr.) F.M.Jarrett
Artocarpus reticulatus Hunter ex Ridl. [Illegitimate]
Tree with abundant white sap. Stipules surrounding the twigs, leaving circular scar when dropped.
Leaves alternate, simple (lobed in young trees), glabrous. Fruit placed on branches, c.8-12 cm diameter,
with spines or warts, yellowish, with seeds in orange flesh.
Tree up to 35 m tall, 90 cm diameter, occasionally with low buttresses. Bark dark grey, smooth
to scaly; inner bark yellowish white. Twigs 6-8 mm thick, rugose, appressed hairy, minutely
punctate. Stipules amplexicaul, ovate or lanceolate, acute, 1.5-4.5 cm long, appressed pubescent
with short hairs. Leaves simple, spirally arranged, thick-coriaceous, entire in adult trees, deeply
pinnately incised with equal segments in juvenile trees, glabrous on both surfaces, drying greygreen;
elliptic to ovate, obovate or oblong, rarely lanceolate to elliptic, 10-33 x 5-17 cm, base
cuneate, asymmetric, margin undulate, apex acute or obtuse; midrib raised above; lateral veins
7-14 pairs, raised on both surfaces; intercostal venation scalariform, very faint below, invisible
above; petiole 1-3 cm long. Inflorescences solitary or paired, axillary; bracts with funnel-shaped
upper parts; peduncle 2.5-7 cm, short-hairy. Male head ellipsoid to cylindrical, 3-6 x 1.2-1.8
cm. Female heads with peltate bracts; female flowers with exserted bifid styles. Syncarps
subglobose, 8-12 x 7 cm, olive- or chestnut-brown, tessellate by hardened truncate processes;
peduncle 5-10 cm long; fleshy perianth whitish-orange. [from Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]
In undisturbed to slightly disturbed mixed dipterocarp and sub-montane
forests up to 1500 m altitude. On hillsides and ridges with sandy to clay soils.
The pulp surrounding the seeds is edible. An important source of keledang timber which is
used in heavy construction, furniture manufacture, boat-building, and for making household
utensils and coffins.
Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.
Borneo: Kateh, Keledang, Kledang, Paribalek, Peruput, Pudu, Tarap hutan.
Sarawak: kaliput, pala tupai (Iban).