Aglaia spectabilis (Miq.) Jain & Bennet, Ind. J. For. 9 (1987)

Latin for 'spectacular'.

Aglaia gigantea (Pierre) Pellegr.
Aglaia hiernii M.V.Viswan. & K.Ramach. [Illegitimate]
Aglaia ridleyi (King) Pannell
Amoora gigantea Pierre
Amoora ridleyi King
Amoora spectabilis Miq.
Amoora stellatosquamosa C.Y.Wu & H.Li [Invalid]
Amoora wallichii King
Aphanamixis wallichii (King) Harid. & R.R.Rao
Sphaerosacme spectabilis Royle

Tree up to 43 m tall, rarely flowering at 8 m tall; bole up 150 cm in diam., with plank buttresses up to 200 cm high and up to 370 cm out. Bark greyish-white, pale yellowish- brown or brown, flaking in squarish scales up to 30 cm across, sometimes with large orange lenticels up to 3 mm in diam.; inner bark pink, reddish-orange or brown; sapwood pale brown, pink, white or magenta; latex white. Branches ascending. Twigs stout, sometimes more than 1 cm in diam., densely covered with reddish-brown or pale brown stellate hairs or scales, or peltate scales which have a limbriate margin, with white latex. Leaves imparipinnate in dense spirals, the leaf bases almost overlapping, 50-135 cm long, 28-70 cm wide; petiole 14-25 cm, llattened on the adaxial side, petiole, rachis and petiolules with indumentum like the twigs. Leaflets (3-)11-21, 8-40 by 2.5-12.5 (-17) cm, coriaceous, acuminate at apex, rounded at the asymmetrical base, upper surface rugulose and sometimes pitted, lower surface pitted, with few to densely covered with pale brown or reddish-brown stellate hairs and scales on the midrib and a few on or occasionally den.sely covering the lateral veins and surface of the lamina, sometimes with a few darker peltate scales which have a limbriate margin scattered on the rest of that surface; veins 9-19 on each side of the midrib, reticulation subprominent on lower surface; petiolules 8-20 mm. Inflorescence up to 50 cm long and 30 cm wide; peduncle up to 18 cm, peduncle, rachis and branches stout, with indumentum like the twigs. Male flowers 2-5 mm long and 2-3 mm wide; female llowers up to 7 mm long and up to 6 mm wide; pedicels up to 3 mm, with stellate hairs like those on the twigs. Calyx usually densely covered with stellate hairs on the outside. Petals 3, without or with numerous scales on the outside. Staminal tube slightly shorter than the corolla, cup-shaped; anthers (5 or) 6(-l0), with about 1/4 of their length protruding beyond the aperture, sometimes with a few simple or forked hairs. Infructescence up to 13 cm long. Fruits 6-9 cm long and 5.5-9 cm wide, subglobose or obovoid, brown, red or yellow, densely covered with reddish-brown or pale yellowish-brown stellate hairs; pericarp up to 1 cm thick, with white latex, shiny reddish-brown inside. Locules 3 (or 4), each containing or 1 seed. Seeds with aril 3.5-5 cm long and 2-2.7 cm wide, 1.5-2.2 cm thick; the aril entire, 2-4 mm thick, with a red, orange-red, yellow or white skin. [from Flora Malesiana]

Found in secondary forest, riverine forest, primary forest, alluvial flats, coastal swamp and along the seashore; on sandy clay, sand, loam, sandstone, alluvial, coral; from sea level up to 650 m altitude. This widespread species with its large dehiscent fruits may be dispersed by fruit pigeons.

The timber is used for furniture and decorative work to the east of the Bay of Bengal and the seeds are said to yield a brown oil in Tonkin.

India, southern China, Indo-China and Thailand to New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

Local names
Borneo: Lantupak, Merasam, Ngaling, Sangkowang rahu.