Aglaia monozyga Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 15 (1941)

Latin for ?

Small tree 3-13 m, bole up to 21 cm diam. Bark smooth, white, inner bark reddishbrown or yellowish-brown, cambium white. Twigs densely covered with reddish-brown stellate hairs which are soon deciduous. Leaves imparipinnate (or simple), 8-67 cm long, 2-52 cm wide; petiole 2.5-10(-14.5) cm long, petiole, rachis and pctiolules densely covered with hairs like those on the twigs, deciduous. Leaflets (1-)3-5.8-25(-46) by 3-7(-13) cm, pale green or yellowish-green when dry. coriaceous, recurved at margin when dry, densely covered with hairs like those on the twigs on both surfaces when young, deciduous, a few sometimes persisting on the midrib, the upper and lower surfaces rugulose and minutely pitted, acuminate or caudate at apex, cuneale or attenuate at the base, sometimes asymmetrical and rounded on one side; veins 6-15(-23) on each side of the midrib, curved upwards; petiolules 1-3.5(-4) cm long, flattened or channelled on the upper side, rounded below, swollen at the base. Inflorescences usually several per flowering shoot, the most distal often in the axil of an unopened leaf near the apex of the shoot, 11-3.5 cm long, 7-12 cm wide, peduncle up to 0.5 cm. peduncle, rachis and branches densely covered with reddish-brown or pale reddish-brown stellate hairs. Male flowers 1.2-2 mm long. 1.5-2.5 mm wide, pedicels 0.5-3.5 mm. pedicel and calyx densely covered with pale reddish-brown stellate hairs. Petals 5. Staminal tube cup-shaped or broadly cone-shaped 0.5-1.5 mm long, aperture c. I mm, with longitudinal thickenings forming ribs on the inside below the anthers; anthers 5, inserted on the inner margin of the tube and pointing towards the centre of the flower, c. 0.5 mm long, dehiscing by short longitudinal slits in the lower half of the anthers, the apices of the anthers extending beyond these. Female flowers c. 3 mm long and 2.5 mm wide. Staminal tube c. 1.5 mm long and wide, cup-shaped; the aperture c. 1 mm; anthers 0.6- 0.7 mm long; otherwise like the male. Infructescence up to 6 cm with 1 or 2 fruits; peduncle up to 3 cm. Fruits 1.7-3.5 cm long 1.3-3 cm in diam., subglobose or ellipsoid and sometimes with a small beak, indehiscent, pericarp orange or orange-red densely covered with or with numerous reddish-brown hairs or scales, deciduous on the ripe fruit; aril pink. [from Flora Malesiana]

Found in primary forest, secondary forest, montane forest, riverine forest, and freshwater swamp forest; on sand, loam, laterite; 17-2000 m altitude.

Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo.

Local names
Borneo: Beluno-beluno, Karang-karang, Langsat-langsat, Lukut, Tinting.