Aglaia macrocarpa (Miq.) Pannell, Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 16 (1992)

Latin for 'long or large fruits'.

Aglaia pycnocarpa Miq.
Aglaia rubescens (Hiern) Dai
Aglaia rubescens (Hiern) Pannell
Aglaia trimera Ridl.
Aglaia triplex Ridl.
Amoora rubescens Hiern in Hook.f.
Amoora trichanthera Koord. & Valet.
Aphanamixis trichanthera (Koord. & Valet.) Koord.
Epicharis macrocarpa Miq.

Tree up to 50 m tall and 150 cm in circumference, with buttresses outwards up to 100 cm. Bark reddish-brown and grey or pale, flaking in large irregular scales and numerous reddish-brown lenticels, some in longitudinal rows; inner bark dark red or pinkish-brown; sapwood pale yellow, pale or dark yellowish-brown or pale reddish-brown; latex white. Twigs fairly stout, densely covered with minute reddish brown or grey peltate scales which have a fmibriatc margin and arc deciduous, leaving dark reddish-brown pits. Leaves imparipinnale, up to 70 cm long and 50 cm wide; petiole up to 20 cm. Ilattened on the adaxial side, petiole, rachis and petiolules with indumentum like the twigs. Leaflets 11-15, 5-25 by 2-7 cm, pale reddish-brown when dry, coriaceous, acuminate or caudate at apex, rounded or cuneate at the asymmetrical base, upper surface rugulose, shiny, lower surface rugulose with few minute reddish brown scales or numerous pale grey peltate scales on the midrib and lateral veins, often interspersed with minute reddish-brown pits; veins 6-11 on each side of the midrib, lower surface with midrib and lateral veins with longitudinal wavy ridges, midrib prominent and lateral seins slightly prominent; petiolules up to 15(-20) mm. Inflorescence up to 30 cm long and 20 cm wide; peduncle up to 11 cm. peduncle, rachis, branches and pedicels with indumentum like the twigs. Flowers dark yellow, up to 3.5(-5) mm long; sessile or with pedicel up to 1(-3) mm. Calyx densely covered on the outside with dark brown stellate scales. Petals 3. densely covered on the outside when young with dark brown stellate scales which are deciduous at maturity. Staminal tube shorter than the corolla, subglobose. with the aperture c. I mm across, and shallowly and irregularly lobed; anthers 6-10, and half to as long as the tube, ellipsoid or narrowly ovoid, curved with the tube and just protruding beyond the aperture, usually with scattered simple hairs. Infnictescence with about 4 fruits; peduncle 3.5-8 cm, peduncle, rachis and branches stout and with surface and indumentum like the twigs. Fruits up to 6 by 5.5 cm, obovoid, the pericarp longitudinally wrinkled and moulded around the seeds when dry, densely covered with dark reddish-brown stellate scales; fruit-stalk up to 1 cm. Locules 3, each containing or 1 seed. Seeds with a complete red, orange or white aril, c. 5.5 cm long, 2.5 cm wide and 1.5 cm thick; testa brown. [from Flora Malesiana]

Found in lowland, hill and ridge forest, primary forest, secondary forest, pole forest and along rivers and paths; on sandy clay, sandstone, loam, limestone and basalt. Altitude from sealevel up to 1750 m.

Indo-China, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas.

Local names
Borneo: Birajang, Lantupak, Segera.