Durio lanceolatus Mast.,
J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 14 (1875)
Latin for 'lance-shaped', referring to the leaves.
Emergent tree up to 55 m tall and 114 cm dbh. Stipules present, but soon
falling. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, narrow shaped, undersurface
golden-brown with large, clearly visible scales. Flowers ca. 38 mm in diameter,
white-yellowish, with 2-3-lobed epicalyx, placed in many flowered cymes on
branches below the leaves. Fruits ca. 70 mm long, yellow-orange, capsule with
short spines, seeds completely enclosed by red-yellow, tasteless aril.
In mixed dipterocarp forests up to 800 m altitude. Growing on hillsides and
ridges with sandy soils. In secondary forests usually present as a
pre-disturbance remnant tree.
A principle source of durian timber.
Sumatra and Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, West-, Central- and
Borneo: Bian, Dian perai, Durian, Durian anggang, Durian bengan, Durian burong,
Durian pelanduk, Kelintjing, Lai, Lai bengan, Rian burung, Taula tongau.