Lawsonia inermis L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753)

Latin for 'unarmed'.

Alcanna spinosa Gaertn.
Casearia multiflora Spreng.
Lawsonia alba Lam.
Lawsonia speciosa L.
Lawsonia spinosa L.
Rotantha combretoides Baker

Shrub up to 7 m tall and 16 cm dbh. Leaves opposite, simple, penni-veined, glabrous. Flowers ca. 5 mm diameter, white-yellow-reddish, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 7 mm diameter, green-brown, fleshy capsules filled with many small seeds.

In Borneo usually cultivated near houses or villages in secondary vegetation or coastal types on sandy soils.

Mainly cultivated for its yellow-brown dye (Henna), which is used to colour skin, nails, hair, but also leather.

Pan-tropical. In Borneo collected in Sarawak, Sabah and East-Kalimantan.

Local names
Borneo: Itinai, Pachad.