Barringtonia lanceolata (Ridl.) Payens, Blumea 15 (1967)

Latin for 'lance-shaped', referring to the leaf.

Barringtonia pseudoglomerata P.Chantaranothai
Careya lanceolata Ridl.
Planchonia lanceolata (Ridl.) Knuth

Growing in dry places inside the rain forest. Relatively large tree. White-pinkish flowers in racemes. Fruits up to 8 cm long.

Mid-canopy tree up to 31 m tall and 43 cm dbh, with short buttresses. Bark smooth, dippled or slightly flaky, hard, brown, grey or reddish brown with grey patches; inner bark brown or pink. Sapwood yellow or white. Twigs slender, 1.5-5 mm diameter. Stipules dropped early. Petiole (1-)3-5(-8) cm long. Leaves crowded at twig tips, alternate to whorled, simple, obovate-oblong to oblong, 9-17(-25) x 3-7(-9) cm, penni-veined, glabrous, slightly toothed margin. Inflorescence spicate, erect, borne on leafless older twigs, 5-25(-100) cm long, glabrous, bracts lanceolate, 3-7 x 103 mm, apex rounded. Flowers ca. 50 mm diameter, white-pinkish, many protruding stamens in 4(-5) whorls, placed on spikes, flowering at night, corolla dropped in the morning. Fruits ca. 72 mm long by 40 mm wide, green-brown-purplish, drupes.

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp and sub-montane forests up to 1700 m altitude. Usually on ridges. Flowering at night to attract bats and moths.

The bark is locally used as a fish poison.


Local names
Borneo: Jempalang, Jempalang apoi (Dusun), Langkong (Iban), Putat (Malay), Tempalang.