Litsea elliptica Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1 (1851)
Latin for 'ellipical'.
Litsea odorifera Valeton
Litsea petiolata Hook.f.
Litsea pruriens Kosterm.
Malapoenna elliptica (Blume) Kuntze
Malapoenna petiolata (Hook.f.) Kuntze
Tetranthera elliptica (Blume) Nees
Upper canopy tree up to 44 m tall and 78 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves
alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous. Flowers ca. 8 mm diameter,
white-yellow, placed in axillary bundles. Fruits ca. 12 mm long, green?, drupes
placed on enlarged flower base (cupule).
In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp and sub-montane forests up to 1200 m
altitude. Usually on hillsides and ridges with sandy soils.
Wood used for planks and construction. Extracts of its leaves are used in the traditional native
herbal medicine to treat conditions such as stomach ulcers, fever and headache. A significant
antimutagenic activity has also been reported. In Thailand, it has been reported to reduce the
incidence of gastric cancer. The essential oil from leaves displayed potential to be used as
Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Moluccas, New Guinea.
Borneo: Ajau galung, Medang, Medang pasir, Medang pawas, Medang pirawas, Medang
selampate, Pirawas, Tonsod onsod.