Gmelina arborea Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3 (1832)

Latin for 'tree'.

Gmelina arborea var. canescens Haines
Gmelina arborea var. glaucescens C.B.Clarke
Gmelina rheedei Hook. [Illegitimate]
Gmelina sinuata Link

Sub-canopy tree up to 22 m tall and 45 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves opposite, simple, tripli-veined, glabrous to hairy below, with two glands on upper surface near petiole insertion, leaf base often cordate. Flowers ca. 30 mm diameter, yellow-purple, with long corolla tube, placed in racemes. Fruits ca. 22 mm long, green-yellow, drupes.

Introduced in Borneo and usually planted along roads in villages as an ornamental and in plantations for its wood.

The timber is used. Leaves are used as cattle fodder. Different parts are also used medicinally.

Originally from India, Southern China, Indo-China and Thailand, but currently cultivated pan-tropical.