Tamarindus indica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 34. (1753)
Name meaning 'from India'.
Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn.
Tamarindus officinalis Hook.
Tamarindus umbrosa Salisb.
Understorey tree up to 18 m tall and 77 cm dbh. Stipules? Leaves alternate,
compound, leaflets opposite, penni-veined, glabrous. Flowers ca. 20 mm diameter,
white-yellow-purplish, placed in small racemes. Fruits ca. 85 mm long,
yellow-brownish, pods filled with pulp.
In Asia usually planted and cultivated.
The wood is used for indoor construction and furniture. The trees are
usually cultivated for the fruits, which contain a tasty edible pulp. The pulp
is also used to flavour food.
Pantropical but originally from eastern Africa and Madagascar. In Borneo
collected in Sarawak, Sabah and East-Kalimantan.
Borneo: Asam java, Asam kamal.