Parkia speciosa Hassk., Flora 25 (1842)

Latin for 'beautiful'.

Inga pyriformis Jungh.
Mimosa pedunculata Hunter
Parkia harbesonii Elmer
Parkia macrocarpa Miq.

Emergent tree up to 54 m tall and 117 cm dbh. Stipules? Leaves alternate, compound, leaflets opposite, penni-veined, glabrous, very small. Flowers ca. 1.5 mm diameter, green-yellow, placed in pear-shaped globose pendent inflorescence with stalks up to 1 m long. Fruits ca. 345 mm long, green, elongate pods.

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp to sub-montane forests up to 1000 m altitude. On alluvial sites but also on hillsides and ridges with sandy to clay soils. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant tree or planted.

The seeds are edible, often used in stews. Young leaves and fruits are used to make a medicine against liver diseases, worms, high blood pressure and diabetes.

Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (throughout the island), Philippines. Outside this area it is also cultivated.

Local names
Borneo: Kupang, Patai, Petai, Petai hutan, Potah.