Archidendron jiringa (Jack) Nielsen, Adansonia ser. 2, 19, 1 (1979)

Latin for ?

Albizia jiringa (Jack) Kurz
Feuilleea jiringa (Jack) O.Kuntze
Inga jiringa Jack ex DC
Inga kaeringa (Roxb.) Voigt
Mimosa jiringa Jack
Mimosa kaeringa Roxb.
Pithecellobium jiringa (Jack) Prain
Pithecellobium lobatum Benth.
Zygia jiringa (Jack) Kosterm.

Shrub or tree, to 24 m high, 60(-90) cm in diameter. Bark grey or grey-white, usually smooth, rarely c. flaky, inner bark pink or reddish brown. Sapwood white or pinkish white, heartwood white, with a strong smell of garlic. Branchlets terete with decurrent ridges from the leaf-scars, light brown, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 2-7 cm, glabrous, gland(s) on petiole often present, circular in outline, sessile, subglobose to flat, 1.5-2 mm in diameter; pinnae 1 pair, to 20 cm, glabrous; petiolules 4-6 mm, glabrous; leaflets 2 or 3 pairs per pinna, opposite, drying c. dark greyish on both surfaces or green beneath, chartaceous, equal- or unequal-sided, ovate-elliptic to oblong, 5.5-20.5 by 2.4-7 cm, base c. asymmetrically rounded to broadly cuneate, apex obtusely acuminate, both surfaces glabrous; principal lateral veins c. 6-10 per leaflet-half, strongly arching, non-parallel; reticulation fine, inconspicuous or prominulous on both surfaces, more distinct beneath. Inflorescences either ramiflorous below the leaves or axillary at the distal leaves, with scattered hairs in the distal parts, glabrescent, consisting of glomerules aggregated into panicles to 30 cm long; glomerules or small spikes composed of 4-7 sessile flowers; floral bracts ovate or ovate-elliptic, acute, 0.5-1 mm, appressed-puberulous. Flowers cream or yellowish white, pentamerous, bisexual. Calyx broadly campanulate to cup-shaped, 1-2 mm, scarcely puberulous especially in the proximal part; teeth deltoid, acute, 0.2-0.3 mm. Corolla funnel-shaped, 4-5 mm, tube glabrous; lobes ovate-elliptic to oblong, acute, c. 2 mm, appressed-puberulous or glabrous at the apex, reflexed. Stamens c. 8-10 mm, tube equalling the corolla-tube. Ovary solitary, glabrous. Pod greyish to dark brown or dark purple outside, greyish within, falcate or twisted in a wide spiral or contorted into a circle c. 11 cm in diameter, c. deeply lobed between the seeds along the ventral suture, at maturity most often divided quite down to the thickened dorsal suture, the segments being separated by necks, pod woody, to 20-25 by 5.2 cm, glabrous, with inconspicuous veins, dehiscing along the ventral suture. Seeds dark-brown, orbicular, biconvex, 2.8-3.5 cm in diameter, 1-1.5 cm thick. [from Flora Malesiana]

Primary and secondary rain forest, evergreen forest; often saved when the forest is cut. Cultivated around villages. Soil sandy or clayey, lateritic; altitude 0-1000 m (up to 1627 m in Java).

Seeds contain the toxic djenkol acid, which can be removed after two or three boilings. Used for flavouring food. Pods give a purple dye for silk; bark and leaves used for dyeing black; the leaves are used medicinally. Roots also have medicinal properties.

Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Moluccas.

Local names
Borneo: Jaring, Jaring-jaring, Jengkol hutan, Jenkol, Jering, Jering altut, Tutung.