Neoscortechinia philippinensis (Merr.) Welzen, Blumea 39 (1994)

Named after the Philippines, where this species is native.

Alcinaeanthus parvifolius Merr.
Alcinaeanthus philippinensis Merr.
Neoscortechinia arborea var. parvifolia (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm.
Neoscortechinia coriacea Merr.
Neoscortechinia parvifolia (Merr.) Merr.
Scortechinia parvifolia (Merr.) Merr.

Mid-canopy tree up to 35 m tall and 60 cm dbh. Stipules ca. 1.5 mm long. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous, secondary veins clearly looping, margin often slightly toothed. Flowers ca. 2.3 mm diameter, green-yellow, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 25 mm long, green-whitish, dehiscent capsules, seed with bright red aril.

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 500 m altitude. Mostly on hillsides and ridges with sandy to clay soils, but also found along rivers. Also on limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant tree.

Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, West-, Central-, South- and East-Kalimantan), Philippines, Celebes.

Local names
Borneo: Agar-agar, Bantas, Jaentihan, Kayu karing, Lochuan, Rambai.