Mallotus miquelianus (Scheff.) Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 3(1): 290 (1900)

Named after F.A.W. Miquel, [1811-1871], director of Leiden Herbarium and writer of one of the first floras for Indonesia.

Mallotus anisophyllus Hook.f.
Rottlera miqueliana Scheff.

Shrubs up to ca. 7 m tall and 17 cm dbh, reproductive from 0.5 m tall and 1 cm dbh. Twigs solid, sparsely to densely hairy (short simple, tufted and stellate hairs). Stipules triangular to ovate, usually early-caducous, erect, 4-14 mm long by 1-4 mm wide. Petioles densely hairy, petioles of opposite leaf pairs differing in length, petiole of large leaf 0.2-0.8 cm long, petiole of small leaf 0-0.3 cm long. Leaves opposite, one of each pair much smaller and differing in shape; large leaves usually obovate, 11-32 cm long by 3.5-12 cm wide, length/width-ratio 2.42-4.57; secondary veins 12-18, ending in the margin or not (looping); leaf base attenuate, slightly cordate, oblique; leaf margin with glands, serrate; leaf upper surface glabrous, with 2-4 rather large basal nectary glands on basal veins, some distance from petiole insertion, apical nectary glands present; leaf lower surface hairy (especially on veins), not or sparsely gland dotted, with or without hair tuft domatia in vein axils. Staminate inflorescences not branched; flowers clustered per bracteole; bracteoles with entire margin. Pistillate inflorescences not branched; fruits 8-12 mm wide, 3-locular, with few to many short spines.

Locally common in primary and secondary forests (scrub) up to 700 m elevation. Mostly found on disturbed sites but also in the forest understorey; on undulating terrain, ridges, marshy areas, near streamlets, forest edges, and roadsides; on alluvial (swampy) to well drained terrain; on a large variety of soil types, from limestone to sandy soils to clayey loam.

Used for making walking sticks. Poison.

Peninsular Thailand and Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines.

Local names