Endospermum diadenum (Miq.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 14 (1960)

Latin for 'with two glands'.

Endospermum beccarianum Pax & K.Hoffm.
Endospermum borneense Benth. ex Müll.Arg.
Endospermum chinense var. malayanum Pax & K.Hoffm.
Endospermum malaccense Benth. ex Müll.Arg.
Endospermum malayanum (Pax & K.Hoffm.) Chatterjee
Endospermum ovalifolium Pax & K.Hoffm.
Mallotus diadenus (Miq.) Mull.Arg.
Melanolepis diadena Miq.
Rottlera diadena (Miq.) Scheff.

Mid-canopy tree up to 34 m tall and 60 cm dbh. Stipules small, dropped early. Leaves alternate, simple, tripli-veined, leaf base with two conspicuous glands next petiole insertion at lower surface, leaf base sometimes cordate to peltate. Flowers ca. 2 mm diameter, green-yellowish, placed in racemes. Fruits ca. 6 mm long, green-yellow, fleshy, 2-lobed capsules.

In disturbed habitats (often along roadsides in logged forests, but also in scrub and burned forests) and open places of undisturbed mixed dipterocarp, freshwater swamp and keranga forests up to 900 m altitude. Also found on ultramafic soils.

The wood is used for match boxes, splints, toys, etc. The roots and bark are medicinal. Used as plantation and shade tree.

Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, West-, Central-, South- and East-Kalimantan), Philippines.

Local names
Borneo: Antah bulan, Entabulan, Kemiri lawau, Merampangi, Mulan, Seduduk-seduduk, Sesindok, Terbulan.