Sloanea javanica (Miq.) Szyl. ex K.Schum., in Engl. Nat. Pflanz. III, 6 (1890)

Latin for 'from Java'.

Upper canopy tree up to 46 m tall and 92 cm dbh. Stipules dropped early. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous, base often cordate, secondary veins looping near margin. Flowers ca. 24 mm in diameter, white-yellowish, placed in cymes. Fruits ca. 40 mm long, red, dehiscent capsule, brown-black seeds with yellow-red aril.

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 800 m altitude. On alluvial and dry sites (ridges) with rocky, andy to clay soils, also on limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant tree.

The latex is used against coughing and tuberculosis. The timber is used.

Sri Lanka, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, West-, South- and East-Kalimantan), Philippines, Celebes.

Local names
Borneo: Karut, Merchapan, Sarang, Tampoi.