Shorea parvifolia Dyer, Fl. Br. Ind. 1 (1874)

Latin for 'small leaves'.

Shorea gentilis Parijs
Shorea scutulata King

Upper canopy tree up to 49 m tall and 104 cm dbh. Stem with resin. Stipules up to ca. 12 mm long. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, with or without domatia at basal secondary veins. Flowers ca. 9 mm in diameter, white-yellow-red, plaved in panicles. Fruits ca. 10 mm long, green-pink, with three ca. 57 mm long wings, wind dispersed.

Large tree. Young twig, panicle, leaf bud, stipule, petiole and midrib above shortly evenly persistently pale brown pubescent or glabrous, otherwise glabrous. Twig c. 2 mm apically, terete, much branched, becoming glabrous, smooth; stipule scars short, inconspicuous. Bud 4-7 by 3-5 mm, ovoid, compressed, obtuse. Stipule to 12 by 4 mm, oblong to ovate, obtuse. Leaves 5-9 by 2.5-5 cm. broadly ovate, thinly coriaceous, base obtuse or cordate with occasionally a pair of large pale scale-like domatia: acumen to 1 cm long, margin slightly revolute; nerves 10-13 pairs, slightly curved, slender, hardly elevated beneath; tertiary nerves slender, closely scalariform diagonal to nerves, midrib narrow and depressed above; petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Panicle to 12 cm long, terminal or axillary, slender, terete or slightly compressed; regularly singly, rarely doubly, branched, branchlets short, compact, bearing to 8 +/- secund flowers; bracteoles to 6 by 3 mm, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, shortly sparsely pale buff pubescent. Bud to 7 by 5 mm. broadly ovoid to subglobose, obtuse. Calyx densely pubescent outside, glabrous within; 3 outer lobes deltoid-ovate; 2 inner lobes smaller, broad ovate, acute, thin at base. Petals cream suffused with pink at base, oblong, obtuse, shortly pubescent on parts exposed in bud. Stamens 15, of 3 lengths, the 5 inner about twice length of others; filaments tapering gradually; anther subglobose; appendage to connective short, slender, becoming reflexed. Ovary and stylopodium ovoid to conical, densely pubescent except at base; style shorter than ovary, glabrous. Fruit calyx shortly sparsely pale brown pubescent; 3 longer lobes to 9 by 1.5 cm, thin, spatulate, obtuse, c. 4 mm broad above the c. 5.5 by 5 mm elliptic thickened saccate base; 2 shorter lobes to 3.5 by 0.2 cm. linear, subequal, similarly saccate at base. Nut to 14 by 7 mm, ovoid, shortly buff pubescent, style remnant c. 2.5 mm long, tapering, acute. [from Flora Malesiana]

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 1100 m altitude. On alluvial (swamps and riversides) and dry (hillsides and ridges) sites with clayey to sandy soils.

The timber is used.

Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.

Local names
Borneo: Awang belah, Dangar burau, Dangar siak, Kontoi, Kontoi Burong, Lampong, Lampung beras, Lampung nasi, Lampung tembaga, Lentang kareket, Merangan, Merangan nasi, Meranti ijok, Meranti lop, Meranti samak, Meranti sarang punai, Meranti umbut, Perawan, Perawan lop, Ponga behaya, Ponga payur, Ponga pipit, Rotang bari, Rotang bayo, Rotang lawah, Sawang puteh, Seraya punai, Tongga rumut.
Malaysia: Meranti sarang punai, Meranti bunga, Meranti samak, Meranti daun halus, Meranti choh, Meranti lemesa bung.
Sumatra: Meranti sabut, Meranti kapala tupai, Tambong sawa.