Shorea bracteolata Dyer, Fl. Br. Ind. 1 (1874)

Latin for 'clear small bracts'.

Shorea foveolata Scort. ex Foxw.

Emergent tree up to 51 m tall and 103 cm dbh. Stem with resin. Stipules up to ca. 10 mm long. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, usually glabrous. Flowers ca. 20 mm in diameter, yellow, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 20 mm long, green, with three ca. 100 mm long wings, wind dispersed.

Medium-sized to large tree. All parts at first sparsely pale brown pubescent, surfaces covered with a scurfy waxy deposit; becoming glabrous except for the pubescent bud and panicle. Twig to 2 mm diameter apically, somewhat compressed, becoming smooth, glabrous; stipule scars short, inconspicuous. Bud 3-5 by 2 mm, shortly falcate, compressed, subacute. Stipule c. 1 cm long, linear, fugaceous. Leaf 9-14 by 4-6 cm, oblong-ovate to elliptic. +/- thinly coriaceous; base obtuse; acumen 8-15 mm long; nerves 12-15 pairs, slender, curved, at c. 60-70; tertiary nerves distant, scalariform to subreticulate; petiole 1-2 cm long, slender. Panicle to 10 cm long, terminal or axillary, slender, terete, straight, usually singly branched; bracteoles to 12 by 5 mm, lanceolate, sparsely pubescent. Flower bud to 10 by 5 mm, ellipsoid, obtuse. Calyx densely pubescent outside, sparsely so within; 3 outer lobes broadly ovate-hastate, obtuse; 2 inner lobes narrowly ovate, acuminate, slightly shorter, thinner. Petals pale yellow tinged pink at base within, large, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, shortly pubescent on parts exposed in bud. Stamens 15, the inner 5 somewhat longer than the outer 10; filaments broad, compressed at base, tapering gradually and filiform distally; anthers narrowly oblong; appendage to connective 3-4 times length of anther, slender, scabrous. Ovary ovoid, sparsely pubescent towards apex; style c. 2 times length of ovary, distinctly trifid towards apex. Fruit calyx puberulent, +/- glabrescent; 3 longer lobes to 10 by 1.7 cm, spatulate, obtuse, to 4-5 mm broad above the c. 10 by 7 mm thickened saccate base; 2 shorter lobes 5-8 by 0.7 cm, unequal and sometimes almost as long as the larger lobes, spatulate, obtuse, similar at base. Nut c. 2 by 1 cm, narrowly ovoid; style remnant to 4 mm long, acute, short. [from Flora Malesiana]

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 600 m altitude. Usually on alluvial sites and swamps, sometimes on hillsides and ridges. On clay soils and deep well drained soils.

The timber is used.

Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.

Local names
Borneo: Benyau, Bunjau, Lampong bahei, Lampong mit, Lampong merahan, Lempong, Melapi, Melapi paang, Meranti, Meranti bukit, Palapak batu.
Malaysia: Meranti pa'ang, Meranti ketapak, Segor, Meluit, Membantai, Sama rupa meranti, Sepa petoi, Temak.
Sumatra: Kedontang, Kedontang abang, Meranti kasih, Meranti kunyit, Meranti kepala, Manisan.