Licania splendens (Korth.) Prance, Fl. Neotrop. 9 (1972)

Latin for 'magnificent'.

Angelesia splendens Korth.
Atuna nitida (Hook.f.) Panigrahi & K.M.Purohit
Chrysobalanus splendens Korth. ex Miq.
Coccomelia nitida (Hook.f.) Ridl.
Ferolia nitida (Hook.f.) Ridl.
Licania angelesia Bl. [Illegitimate]
Licania splendens (Korth.) Prance & Kosterm.
Parinarium fragile Teijsm. & Binn.
Parinarium nitidum Hook.f.
Parinarium philippinense Elm.
Trichocarya splendens (Korth.) Miq.

Upper canopy tree up to 44 m tall and 65 cm dbh. Stipules semi-persistent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined. Flowers ca. 3 mm in diameter, greenish white to yellow, placed in panicles or cymules. Fruits ca. 9 mm long, yellow-orange-red-purple, fleshy drupes.

Tree to 25(-44) m tall, the young branches sparsely lanate, soon glabrous. Stipules linear-lanceolate, to 3 mm long, caducous. Leaves 4-11 by 1.8-4.2 cm, oblong, usually acuminate at apex, cuneate at base, glabrous beneath; petioles 2-5 mm, canaliculate, glabrous when mature. Inflorescence terminal and axillary panicles of cymules, 1.5-14 cm long, the rachis and branches grey-puberulous. Flowers c. 2 mm long. Receptacle campanulate, slightly swollen to one side, grey-tomentellous on exterior, tomentose within; pedicels c. 1 mm long. Calyx lobes acute, tomentellous on both surfaces. Petals pubescent on exterior. Stamens 7-10, slightly unilateral, the filaments glabrous. Ovary at or near base of receptacle, unilocular, pilose on exterior. Fruit ellipsoid, 1-1.3 cm long; epicarp smooth, glabrous; mesocarp thin, fleshy; endocarp thin, hard, bony, breaking open by longitudinal lines of weakness, tomentose within. [from Flora Malesiana]

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 800 m altitude, also found near beaches, in peat swamps, kerangas and fresh water swamps. Usually on hillsides and ridges. Mostly on sandy soils, but also on clay.

The timber is strong, durable and resistant to marine borers and is used for saltwater piles, railroad ties, etc. However, it is extremely hard to work and requires special tools because of silica. The fruit is edible but is not widely used.

Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines.

Local names
Borneo: Buku-buku, Bunga, Gandulong (Dusun), Jentihan, Jentihan burung, Kanduhong, Mauhi, Ngilas, Piasau-piasau (Kedayan), Sampaluan, Sidapong, Tadag, Tampaluan puteh, Timpoluvon.
Malay Peninsula: champrai, medang merah, medang puteh, membatu, mempadang, merbatu kechil.
Philippines: amayan, balik, dagingan, dagingdingan, gapas, maralibus.