Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753)

(Latin for 'of India')

Manga calappa Rumph.
Manga domestica Rumph.
Manga simiarum Rumph.
Mangifera anisodora Blanco
Mangifera arbor Hermann
Mangifera austroyunnanensis Hu
Mangifera domestica Gaert.
Mangifera indica (non L.) Bl.
Mangifera kukula Bl.
Mangifera laurina Bl.
Mangifera linnaei Korth. ex Hassk.
Mangifera rostrata Blanco

Mid-canopy tree up to 38 m tall and 102 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined. Flowers ca. 5 mm in diameter, white-yellowish, fragrant, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 55 mm long, green-yellowish-red, fleshy drupe with edible yellowish-orange flesh.

Usually in secondary forests, forest gardens and villages where it is planted. However, also naturalized in undisturbed forests up to 1700 m altitude (but usually below 500 m).

Cultivated for over 4000 years for its mango fruits in India, resulting in more than a 1000 cultivars of this species.

Pantropical, but originally probably from Indo-china. In Asia it is found in India, Indo-china, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Borneo, the Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas and New Guinea.

Local names
Borneo: Ampalam; Asem buluh; Ba-ab; Hampalam; Lagawa; Manga; Manga ayer; Manga malina; Manga suluk; Manga telor; Mampallam; Mempalang; Tekorang