Mangifera foetida Lour., Fl. Coch. (1790)

(Latin for 'stinking')

Manga foetida I Rumph.
Mangifera foetida Griff.
Mangifera foetida var leschenaultii (March.) Engl.
Mangifera foetida var. sphaeroidea Bl.
Mangifera horsfieldii Miq.
Mangifera leschenaultii March.

Upper canopy tree up to 42 m tall and 52 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined. Flowers ca. 7 mm in diameter, white-pinkish-red, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 60 mm long, green-reddish, fleshy drupe with sweet-sour yellow flesh.

In undisturbed forests up to 1500 m altitude. Often cultivated and present in forest gardens. Usually growing on hillsides and ridges on sandy soils. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant, or as planted tree.

Fruits are used in curries or pickles, but can also be eaten raw. Sap is used as medicine or for tattooing.

Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, West-, Central- and East-Kalimantan), Celebes, Moluccas and New Guinea.

Local names
Borneo: Asam hambawang, Asam mas, Asam pamas, Asampajang, Ata, Bachang, Bangbangan, Baya, Buah assam, Hambawang, Hambawang kambat, Kedjan lemah, Machang, Manga batjan, Ncam lagan api, Pahu, Puah hutan, Pa-oh, Pelam, Pudan, Talangtang, Tempajang, Thulik kaki.