(Latin for 'from the West')
Acajuba occidentalis (L.) Gaertn.
Anacardium microcarpum Ducke
Anacardium occidentale var. americanum DC.
Anacardium occidentale var. gardneri Engl.
Anacardium occidentale var. indicum DC
Cassuvium pomiferum Lam.
Cassuvium reniforme Blanco
Cassuvium solitarium Stokes
Understorey tree up to 12 m tall and 40 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves
alternate, simple, penni-veined. Flowers ca. 22 mm in diameter, red, fragrant,
placed in panicles. Fruits (cashew nut) ca. 35 mm long, greyish-brown, drupe
placed on yellow-red fleshy swollen stalk.
Originally imported from the Americas and cultivated. Now also found in
undisturbed and disturbed forests (gardens) up to 100 m altitude. Often near (or
even on) beaches and in keranga forest, but also in mixed dipterocarp forests.
Usually on sandy soils.
All parts of the plant contain an irritant skin poison. On heating this
substance is destroyed. The nut is edible (cashew nut) after heating (boiling or
roasting). The swollen stalk of the fruit can be eaten raw. Various parts of the
tree are used as medicine.
Pan-tropical. In Borneo found in Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, East- and
Indonesia: Djambu dipa, Djambu maendjit, Jagus, Yagus.