Xanthophyllum rufum A.W.Bennett, Fl. Br. India 1 (1874)
Latin for 'reddish-brown'.
Banisterodes rufum (A.W.Bennett) O.K.
Xanthophyllum flavum Ridl.
Xanthophyllum heteropleurum Chodat
Mid-canopy tree up to 40 m tall and 60 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves
alternate, simple, penni-veined, hairy below. Flowers ca. 20 mm diameter,
yellow-reddish, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 18 mm diameter, greenish-brown,
drupes. Seeds with aril.
In undisturbed to slightly disturbed (open) mixed dipterocarp and keranga
forests up to 300 m altitude. On hillsides and ridges with sandy to clay soils,
but also on limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance
remnant, or planted.
The wood is locally used. The leaves, when spread over agricultural fields,
deter pests. The fruits are edible.
Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (throughout the island).
Borneo: Kayu ampang, Medang, Nyalin, Sembayang.