Polygala paniculata L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2: 1154 (1759)
Name meaning 'branching infloresence'.
Polygala paniculata var. leocoptera S.F. Blake
Herbs annual, erect, 10-50 cm tall. Stems terete, mostly much branched, glandular pubescent. Leaves alternate, subsessile, lowest 4 or 5 often
in pseudowhorls; leaf blade lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 5-20 x 1-4 mm, 1-veined, lateral veins absent, base attenuate, margin entire, apex
acute. Racemes terminal or opposite to leaves, 2-15 cm. Pedicel 0.5-1 mm; basal bracteoles caducous, lanceolate, apex acute. Sepals 5; outer
sepals 3, ~ elliptic, apex obtuse; inner sepals 2, purple, petaloid, elliptic-oblong, ca. 2 mm, 3-veined. Petals 3, white or violet; lateral
petals narrowly ovate-lanceolate, attenuate to apex; keel apex with multifid appendages. Stamens 8, forming an open staminal sheath glabrous
inside and split at top into 8 very short free filaments. Ovary obovoid to nearly globose; style straight, 1.5-2 x as long as ovary, apex
expanded into an oblique broad cup, upper portion of which ends in tuft of hair; stigma at base of cup. Capsule oblong, ca. 2 mm, not winged,
apex notched, glabrous. Seeds black, oblong, densely white pubescent; strophiole small, with 2 membranous appendages.
Occurs in waste places, plantations and fields, on different soils, avoiding dry areas, often abundant, from sea-level up to 2250 m altitude.
A sweetened infusion of the aerial parts is a remedy for gonorrhoea and lumbago, and the pulverized leaves may be applied to wounds.
A native of tropical America, but it naturalises easily in disturbed areas such as roadsides, forest edges and wasteland and is now widespread
throughout tropical Asia and the Pacific.
China: yuan zhui hua yuan zhi.
Indonesia: Jukut Rindik, Sasapuan, Katumpang Lemah.