Baccaurea odoratissima Elm., Leafl. Philip. Bot. 4 (1911)
Latin for 'strongly fragrant'.
Vegetatively almost indistinguishable from Baccaurea parviflora.
Baccaurea membranacea Pax & K.Hoffm.
Baccaurea trunciflora Merr.
Treelet to tree 2-17 m high, dbh 4.4-20 cm, buttresses absent; branchlets sparsely hairy, female plants rarely
glabrous, Terminalia branching pattern well-developed. Indumentum of simple hairs, usually in combination with
stellate hairs. Bark yellow to grey-brown when fresh, whitish grey when dry, 0.1-2.5 mm thick; inner bark yellow
to orange-brown, 0.1-0.4 mm thick. Leaves: petiole 9-82 mm long, sparsely hairy, female plants rarely glabrous,
(green- or red-)brown when dry, raised glands present; stipules 1.7-8 by 0.5-2 mm, glabrous to sparsely hairy
outside, but densely hairy when young, glabrous inside, midrib densely hairy outside, margin (not) ciliate;
lamina obovate to elliptic (to ovate), 6.4-19 by 2-9.9 cm, l/w ratio 1.5-3.3, papery; base acute to attenuate,
apex rounded to cuspidate, up to 22 mm long; upper surface glabrous, raised glands usually present, green-brown
when dry; lower surface glabrous, sparsely hairy at veins, raised glands usually present, discoid glands absent,
brown when dry; secondary veins 3-8 per side, usually closed at margin; nervation reticulate to weakly
scalariform; young leaves red-brown. Staminate inflorescences axillary to ramiflorous, solitary to few clustered
together, 1.4-8 cm long, up to 1 mm thick, densely hairy, more than 30-flowered, flowers scattered along
inflorescence; branchlets absent; bracts 3 per branchlet, c. 0.6 mm long, persistent, glabrous to densely hairy
outside, glabrous inside, margin ciliate, sometimes hyaline. Staminate flowers 3 per branchlet, 1-2 mm diam.,
pale yellow; pedicel 0.8-2.5 mm long, upper part 0.6-2.1 mm long, densely hairy; sepals 4(-6), ovate, 0.9-1.2 by
0.7-0.9 mm, apex slightly recurved, densely hairy outside, glabrous inside; stamens 4-7, (0.2-)0.8-0.9 mm long,
glabrous; fila-ments (0.2-)0.8 mm long, straight; anthers 0.1-0.3 by c. 0.1 by 0.1 mm; disc absent; pistillode
subglobose to cylindrical, (0.2-)0.9 mm long, densely hairy, solid. Pistillate inflorescences cauline (to
ramiflorous), solitary to 3 clustered together, 2-26.5 cm long, 0.5-1.5 mm thick, sparsely to densely hairy,
9-many-flowered, red; pedicel 1.2-3.5 mm long, upper part 0.5-1 mm long, densely hairy, light green to red;
bracts 3 per flower, persistent, sparsely to densely hairy outside, glabrous inside, margin ciliate. Pistillate
flowers 5-11 mm diam.; sepals 4, obovate, 4-6 by 2-2.7 mm, sparsely hairy outside, densely hairy inside,
greenish yellow when fresh, brown outside when dry, whitish inside when dry, caducous; ovary globose, 1.2-2.5
by 1.7-2.6 mm, 2-locular, densely hairy to velutinous, light green; style 0-0.1 mm long, c. 1 mm broad; stigmas
white, 0.5-0.9 mm long, not lobed, glabrous on both sides, persistent, rarely caducous. Fruits subglobose to
double globose, 0-2-seeded, fleshy capsules, 7.2-12 by 8-13.5 by (4-)6.8-11, irregularly splitting, glabrous on
both sides, densely hairy when young outside, raised glands usually absent, red to shiny brown; pericarp up to
0.5 mm thick; column 6-10 mm long, caducous, straight; pedicel 2.5-9.5 mm long, upper part 0.5-3 mm. Seeds
subglobose to ellipsoid, laterally flattened, 6.5-10 by 2.5-8 by 2.5-6 mm; arillode blue; cotyledons 5.5-7 by
6.8-7.2 by 0.1-0.3 mm; endosperm 1.5 mm thick; radicle 1.3-1.5 mm long. [from Flora Malesiana]
In undisturbed and disturbed mixed dipterocarp to sub-montane forests up to 1500 m
altitude. Mostly on hillsides and ridges, but also common on alluvial sites. On
sandy to clay soils.
Fruits are edible.
Borneo Botung kratek, Engkuni, Enkunig, Enkuri, Kukunal, Kunau, Kunau-kunau, Kune madamayam, Mata kunau, Mata pelanduk, Rambai tikus,
Sarotik, Tampoi keli.