Baccaurea minor Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1887)

Latin for 'small'.

Aporosa billitonensis Pax & K.Hoffm.
Baccaurea pendula Merr.

Tree 5-35 m high, dbh up to 8-70 cm; buttresses absent or present, up to 1 m high, 1 m long; branchlets subglabrous, Terminalia branching pattern well-developed. Indumentum of simple hairs. Bark red-brown to brown or black, rarely greyish when fresh, brown to greyish brown when dry, up to 8 mm thick, smooth to rough, soft, flaking with small rectangular ?brous flakes, c. 1 cm wide, 6-7 mm thick; inner bark red to brown, up to 2.5 mm thick, ?brous. Leaves: petiole 7-35 mm long, glabrous, densely hairy when young, transverse cracks present; stipules lanceolate, 1-4 by 0.7-1.5 mm, densely hairy outside and inside, margin not ciliate, not hyaline; lamina ovate to ob-ovate, 3.5-16.3 by 1.6-8.5 cm, l/w ratio 1.5-3.2(-4.2), papery; base (rounded to) cuneate to attenuate; apex acuminate to cuspidate, 1-20 mm long; upper surface glabrous, granulate, brown to greenish brown to white when dry, nervation brown; lower surface glabrous, midrib rarely densely hairy, discoid glands 0-13, often between two secondary veins or in a row at 0-5 mm distance of the midrib, (whitish to greenish) brown when dry; secondary veins 4-8 per side, closed at c. 3 mm from the margin; nervation reticulate to weakly scalariform, brown. Staminate inflorescences axillary to just below the leaves, solitary to 3 clustered together, 1-5 cm long, c. 1 mm thick, densely hairy, 25-60-flowered, flowers clustered at the tip of inflorescence; bracts 1 per branchlet, c. 4.5 mm long, caducous, sparsely to (densely) hairy outside, margin not ciliate; bracteoles 3 per branchlet, small; branchlets cylindrical to spatulate, 1.5-2 mm long, densely hairy, 1- or 2-flowered. Staminate flowers 0.8-2 mm diam., clus-tered at the tip of the branchlets, greenish yellow to yellow, rarely flushed pink; pedicel absent; sepals 4 (or 5), not uniform in shape, 0.3-1 by 0.3-1 mm, apex straight, densely hairy outside and inside; stamens 4 (or 5), 0.2-1 mm long, glabrous; ?laments 0.2-1 mm long, laterally flattened, straight; anthers 0.1-0.2 by 0.1-0.2 by c. 0.1 mm when dehisced; disc absent; pistillode sometimes present, globose, up to 0.5 mm high, densely hairy, solid. Pistillate inflorescences ramiflorous, solitary to 4 clustered together, 4.5-28 cm long, 1-2 mm thick, densely hairy except at base, 3-20-flowered; pedicel 2-2.5 mm long, abscission zone present, upper part 1-1.5 mm long, densely hairy, pale green; bracts 3 per branchlet, persistent, densely hairy outside and inside, margin ciliate. Pistillate flowers 3-8 mm diam.; sepals 4, ovate to obovate, each with a different size and shape, 2.2-4.5 by 1-2.2 mm, densely hairy at both sides, green when fresh, brown when dry, persistent; staminodes rarely present; ovary cylindrical, 1.5-3 by 1.2-2.6 mm, 3-locular, densely hairy; style 0-3 mm long, tomentose; stigmas 0.8-1.4 mm long, apically cleft for upper 90%, persistent; lobes 0.7-1.3 by 0.3-0.6 mm, glabrous above, hirsute below, with rather long whitish hairs. Fruits globose, 3-seeded, fleshy capsules, 8-14 by 10-15 by 10-15 mm, dehiscing septicidally and loculicidally, raised glands absent, densely hairy outside, velutinous inside, orange to ochre; pericarp 0.8-1.7 mm thick; column 9-13 mm long, usually persistent, straight; pedicel 3-7 mm long, upper part c. 1 mm long. Seeds almost globose but strongly laterally flattened, 5.9-9.5 by 5.4-8.3 by 0.1-0.3 mm, flat; seed-coat red; arillode dull, yellow to orange; cotyledons 4-6 by 5-8 by c. 0.1 mm; radicle up to 2.2 by 1 mm. [from Blumea Suppl. 12: 1--216 (2000)]

Mostly in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests, but also found in keranga forests up to 1200 m altitude. On hillsides and ridges with sandy to clay soils.

The wood is locally used to make parang sheaths and for house construction. The fruits are edible, and trees are sometimes cultivated in forest gardens.

Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.

Local names
Borneo Bua sarotik, Jentikan burung, Mengkumi, Obar nasi, Pankelan semut, Sintak nyabor, Ubah merah.
Peninsular Malaysia Jentek-jentek, kaum tampoi, tampoi, rambai, tinlek-tinlek.
Sumatra Petik.