Scorodocarpus borneensis (Baill.) Becc., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 9 (1877)
Latin for 'from Borneo'.
Ximenia borneensis Baill.
Upper canopy tree up to 42 m tall and 82 cm dbh. All parts strongly smelling
of garlic/onions. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni- to almost
tripli-veined, glabrous. Flowers ca. 13 mm diameter, yellow-reddish, placed in
short racemes. Fruits ca. 38 mm long, green-yellow-browninsh, pear-shaped
In undisturbed to slightli disturbed (open) mixed dipterocarp forests up to
700 m altitude. On alluvial sites near rivers and streams and on hillsides. In
secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant.
Wood is used for indoor construction. The bark and fruits are used to
flavour food (as onion/garlic substitute). Leaves are used as vegetable. Fruits
Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (throughout the island).
Borneo: Bawang hutan, Ja'oi, Kayu hindu, Kesidu, Kisinduh, Mencorug, Sagad-berauh,