Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merrill & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 115 (1938)
Species named after "Samarang", a place on the North coast of Central Java.
Eugenia alba Roxb.
Eugenia javanica Lam.
Eugenia javanica var. parviflora Craib
Eugenia javanica var. roxburghiana Duthie
Eugenia samarangensis (Blume) O.Berg
Jambosa alba Blume
Jambosa javanica (Lam.) K.Schum. & Lauterb.
Jambosa obtusissima DC.
Jambosa samarangensis (Blume) DC.
Jambosa samarangensis var. heteromorpha Blume
Myrtus javanica (Lam.) Blume
Myrtus samarangensis Blume
Syzygium samarangense var. parviflorum (Craib) Chantaran. & J.Parn.
A tropical tree growing to 15 m tall, with evergreen leaves 10-25 cm long and 5-10 cm broad.
The flowers are white, 2.5 cm diameter, with four petals and numerous stamens. The fruit is a
bell-shaped, edible berry, with colors ranging from white, pale green, or green to red, purple,
or crimson, to deep purple or even black, 4-6 cm long in wild plants. The flowers and
resulting fruit are not limited to the axils of the leaves, and can appear on nearly any point
on the surface of the trunk and branches.
Orchard tree to 20 m tall, eventually stout with smooth grey-brown bark and low buttresses.
Parts hairless. Twig 2-3 mm diameter, round, brown, smooth or at first bluntly 4-ribbed. Leaf
blade c.17 x 6(7-22x4-11) cm, elliptic to lanceolate or sometimes oblanceolate, papery-thin,
drying dull or glistening dark tawny above, yellow-brown beneath; base narrowly rounded or
wedge-shaped, abruptly joining c.5 mm long stalk, bluntly acuminate; minutely pitted above,
densely indistinctly pimpled beneath; veins unequal, c.10 main pairs, slender but distinctly
raised on both surfaces though more slender beneath, arched, ascending, sometimes slightly
furrowed above; tertiaries evident on both surfaces; intramarginal veins 2, main vein 4-7 mm
within margin, looped. Panicle up to 3 cm long, 1-branched, terminal to axillary-ramiflorous,
few-flowered. Flower bud 13 x 8 mm, large, jambu-shaped tapering into 6 mm pseudostalk, becoming
trumpet-shaped on flowering; sepal lobes 4, 6 x 7 mm, hemispherical, hyaline towards margins,
overlapping and enclosing corolla, spreading into 15 mm rosette at flowering; stamens many,
extending 25 mm, white, style c.4 cm. Fruit 4.5x6 cm, pear-shaped with wide sepal crown or
depressed ring, ripening greenish-white to red. [Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]
Nowadays rarely found in the wild because it is generally cultivated. Lowland areas.
Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo. Currently cultivated across the tropics.
It is mainly eaten as a fruit and also used to make pickles. In the cuisine of Indian Ocean
islands, the fruit is frequently used in salads, as well as in
lightly sauteed dishes.
Brunei: Jambu puteh.
English: Wax-apple, water apple, malay apple, Java apple
Indonesian: Jambu klampok.
Malay: Jambu air mawar.