Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & Perry, Mem. Amer. Ac. 18 (1939)
Latin for 'aromatic'.
Caryophyllus aromaticus L.
Caryophyllus hortensis Noronha
Caryophyllus sylvestris Teysm. ex Hassk.
Eugenia aromatica (L.) Baill.
Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.
Eugenia caryophyllus (Spreng.) Bullock & S.G.Harrison
Jambosa aromatica (L.) Miq.
Jambosa argyrophyllus Nied.
Jambosa caryophyllus (Thunb.) Nied.
Myrtus caryophyllus Spreng.
Small tree up to 20 m tall and 25 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves opposite,
simple, penni-veined with marginal vein, venation barely visible, glabrous.
Flowers ca. 6 mm diameter, whitish?, with protruding stamens, flowers placed in
panicles. Fruits ca. 30 mm long, green-red, fleshy berry.
Village tree, to 20 m tall with rounded crown. Parts hairless. Twig c.4 mm diameter, elliptic,
smooth, pale grey-brown. Leaf blade c.12 x 7(6-17 x 2.5-8) cm, obovate, leathery, drying dull
grey-green above, paler yellowish green beneath; base wedge-shaped, tapering into c.1 cm slender
stalk, apex acute to shortly bluntly acuminate; faintly pitted above, pimpled beneath; veins
unequal, c.11 main pairs, very slender, distinct but hardly and equally raised on both surfaces,
furrowed above, ascending; tertiaries visible; intramarginal vein 1, 1-3 mm within margin, hardly
arched. Panicle 3-terminal or subterminal axillary, to 7 cm long, slender, round, 2-branched.
Flower calyx 15 x 6 mm, the clove, with cup shaped bud on long tapering pseudostalk, sepal
lobes 4, triangular, claw-like; stamens many, white. Fruit 3 x 1.5 cm, ellipsoid, with apical
ring of incurved fleshy sepal lobes, ripening green. [from Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]
In Borneo rare, only cultivated with perhaps some escaped trees.
Cultivated for the flowers (clove), which are used as food spice and mixed
with tobacco in 'kretek' cigarettes.
Originally from the Moluccas, but currently cultivated pan-tropical. In
Borneo collected from Sarawak and East-Kalimantan, but probably throughout the
island near villages and houses.
Borneo: Cangkeh, Cengkeh.