Myristica maxima Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897)

Latin for 'the largest'.

Upper canopy tree up to 41 m tall and 97 cm dbh. Stem with red sap. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous to hairy, whitish below. Flowers ca. 5 mm diameter, yellow-pinkish, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 59 mm long, yellow-brown, short hairy, dehiscent capsules. Seeds with yellow to red, divided aril.

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp and swamp forests up to 700 m altitude. On alluvial sites (periodically inundated) near rivers and streams, but also on hillsides and ridges. Usually on sandy soils, but also on limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant.

The timber is sometimes used.

Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (throughout the island).

Local names
Borneo: Darah-darah, Koomping, Kumpang, Mandarahan, Rah.