Ficus vasculosa Wall. ex Miq., London J. Bot. 7 (1848)
Latin for 'vase-shaped', referring to the figs.
Ficus championii Benth.
Ficus renitens Miq.
Ficus variabilis Miq.
Ficus variabilis var. integrifolia Miq.
Ficus vasculosa var. acuminata Miq.
Upper canopy tree up to 44 m tall and 111 cm dbh, but usually a small tree. Stem with white sap.
Stipules ca. 8 mm long, glabrous. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined,
secondary veins placed close together, glabrous. Fruits ca. 8 mm diameter,
yellow-orange-red, globose figs placed on the twigs.
Trees, 10-15(-44) m tall, d.b.h. 10-15(-111) cm. Bark gray, smooth. Branchlets grayish brown,
smooth. Stipules ovate, ca. 6 mm. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-lanceolate,
simple or irregularly lobed, 4-11 x 2-4 cm, leathery, abaxially pale green but yellowish to
grayish green when dry, adaxially dark green and shiny, base cuneate, apex obtuse to acuminate;
secondary veins 10-12 on each side of midvein, reticulate veins prominent on both surfaces.
Figs yellow to yellowish red when mature, globose, 7-10 mm in diam., obscurely longitudinally
ridged when dry, base attenuate into a short stalk; peduncle 0.7-0.8 cm; involucral bracts
caducous. Male, gall, and female flowers within same fig. Male flowers: few, near apical pore,
shortly pedicellate; calyx deeply 3- or 4-lobed; stamen (1 or)2 (or 3), if stamen 1 then basal
rudimentary pistil present. Gall and female flowers: many, sessile or pedicellate; calyx deeply
3- or 4-lobed; ovary obovoid; style smooth; stigma 2-branched. Achenes smooth, usually with 1
row of small apical tubercles. [from Flora of China]
In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp, seasonal and sub-montane forests up to 1400 m
altitude. On hillsides and ridges with sandy soils.
Burma, South China, Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo.
Chinese: bai rou rong.