Ficus lepicarpa Blume, Bijdr. (1825)

Latin for 'scaly fruits'.

Covellia didyma Miq.
Covellia lepicarpa (Blume) Miq.
Covellia volkameriifolia Wall. ex Miq.
Ficus lepicarpa var. brevibracteata Corner
Ficus lepicarpa var. pedunculata Corner
Ficus lepicarpa var. suluensis Corner
Ficus lepicarpa var. bunjeng Solms
Ficus malaica Hunter ex Ridl.
Ficus volkameriifolia (Wall. ex Miq.) Miq.

Understorey tree up to 14 m tall and 25 cm dbh. Stem with white sap. Stipules ca. 19 mm long, glabrous. Leaves alternate, simple, penni- to tripli-veined, glabrous, margin toothed. Fruits ca. 14 mm diameter, yellow-brown, globose figs, placed along the twigs.

Dioecious tree, up to 14 m tall, 25 cm diameter, without free hanging aerial roots; buttresses short. Bark greyish brown. Twigs c. 0.4 cm thick, grey-brown, angled, with prominent grooves. Stipules lanceolate, acute, 1-2 cm long, persistent on twig ends. Leaves spirally arranged, thin-coriaceous, glabrous on both surfaces; oblanceolate, 9-25 x 3-11.5 cm, base symmetric, cuneate, margin entire, plane, apex acute; midrib raised above, rounded below; lateral veins 8-10 pairs, well-spaced, curved, departing from the midrib at a broad angle, raised below, faint above, basal pair distinct, without axillary glands; intercostal venation scalariform, visible below, faint above; petiole 1.5-5 cm long. Syconia axillary, sessile, ripening pale yellow to brownish, obovoid to subglobose, 1.2-1.5 x 1-1.2 cm; basal bracts 3, 4-13 mm long, lateral bracts present; internal bristles absent. Tepals fused into tubular perianth. Achenes c. 1 mm long, tuberculate, rough, keeled. [from Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]

In undisturbed to disturbed (open) mixed dipterocarp to sub-montane forests up to 1700 m altitude. Usually growing along rivers and streams with sandy to clay soils, but also on limestone.

The fruits are edible. Young shoots are eaten raw as a vegetable.

From Burma to the Moluccas.

Local names
Borneo: Engeruoh, Engkusuroh (Iban), Kara (Iban), Krerungan, Sengkoak.
English: Saraca fig.
Indonesia: iyubyub etem (Javanese), buku-buku (Sumatra).
Malaysia: kelupang gajah.
Philippines: sulu-talobog (Bisaya).
Thailand: chalukpho (Nakhon Si Thammarat).