Ficus cucurbitina King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 1: 22 (1888)

Latin for 'pumpkin', referring to the fruit.

Ficus cucurbitina var. eubracteata Corner
Ficus elliptifolia Merr.

Strangling fig with white sap. Stipule present, leaving a ring-shaped scar around the twigs when dropped. Leaves alternate, simple, pinni-veined, leaf base slightly lobed, leaf margin smooth. Fruit a fig, orange, slightly elongate, covered with irritating long hairs.

Monoecious strangler, without free hanging aerial roots. Twigs reddish brown, strongly wrinkled on drying. Stipules lanceolate, reddish hairy. Leaves glabrous; oblong to narrowly obovate, 11-18.5 x 5-9 cm, base rounded, margin entire, plane, apex acute; midrib flat above; lateral veins 8-14 pairs, distantly spaced, curved, faintly looping near the leaf margin, with short intermediate veins, distinct on both surfaces, basal pair distinct, departing at an acute angle from the midrib; intercostal venation reticulate, visible on both surfaces; petiole 1.5-3 cm long, drying black. Syconia borne on twigs behind the leaves, sessile, ripening yellow, oblong, 3.5-4.5 x 2-3 cm, with truncate apex, surface irregularly wrinkled and covered with long irritant hairs. [from Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]

Hemi-epiphytic, usually found in undisturbed forests, on both swampy and dry sites.


Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines.

Local names