Ficus aurata (Miq.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 3 (1867)
Latin for 'golden', referring to the hairs.
Covellia aurata Miq.
Ficus aurata var. densiserra (Miq.) Miq.
Ficus aurata var. longipilosa Corner
Ficus aurata var. palawanensis Corner
Ficus aurata var. pedunculata Corner
Ficus auriculifera Merr.
Ficus aurita var. auriculifera (Merr.) Corner
Ficus aurita var. celebica (Reinw. ex Blume) Corner
Ficus celebica Reinw. ex Blume
Ficus chrysocarpa var. undulata H.J.P.Winkl.
Ficus densiserra Miq.
Understorey tree up to 20 m tall and 20 cm dbh. Stem with white sap.
Stipules ca. 10 mm long, hairy. Leaves alternate, simple, tripli-veined, hairy
below, toothed margin. Figs ca. 12 mm diameter, yellow-orange, globose, hairy,
fleshy, placed along the twigs.
Dioecious tree, up to 20 m tall, 20 cm diameter. Bark whitish, smooth. Young twigs, stipules,
lower leaf surface, petioles, and syconia densely velvety with golden yellow hairs, or rarely
rough-hairy (var. brevipilosa). Twigs 0.2-0.5 cm thick, brownish, ridged, with distinct stipular
scars. Stipules lanceolate, acute, up to 1.5 cm long. Leaves spirally arranged, thin-coriaceous,
sparsely rough hairy above; elliptic, narrowly oblong or obovate, (5.5-)10.5-28 x (3-)4-15 cm,
base symmetric, cuneate, margin distinctly toothed from the base to apex, apex acute; midrib
slightly raised above; lateral veins 4-6 pairs, with shorter veins in between, faint above, raised
below, basal pair reaching almost 1/2 the length of the blade, departing at an acute angle from
the midrib, with a faint gland in each axil below; intercostal venation scalariform to reticulate,
distinctly raised below, faint to invisible above; petiole 0.7-7 cm long, wrinkled on drying.
Syconia axillary or borne on twigs behind the leaves, ripening yellow, sessile, globose, up to 1(-
2) cm diameter, with umbonate apex, surface strongly wrinkled on drying, velvety yellowish
hairy; basal bracts 3, ovate, acute, 2-3.5 mm long; internal bristles numerous. Tepals 3-4,
glabrous or densely hairy, yellowish. Achenes ellipsoid, up to 1 mm long, keeled, tuberculate.
[from Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak]
In severely disturbed sites (belukar, road sides, clearings, etc.) or open
sites in Mixed dipterocarp and montane forests up to 1500 m altitude. Common
along rivers and streams and hillsides. Often on clay soils, but also on sand
Indo-China, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines.
Borneo: Kayu ara, Kumpan, Lamak-lamak, Pompan, Tegong, Tempan, Topog.