Artocarpus kemando Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. Suppl. (1861)
Latin for the local name in Sumatra of this species.
Artocarpus brunneifolia S.Moore
Artocarpus maingayi King
Artocarpus sumatranus F.M.Jarrett
Saccus kemando Kuntze
Tree with abundant white sap. Stipules large, surrounding the twigs, leaving circular scar when
dropped. Leaves alternate, simple. Fruit placed on branches, small c. 4.5 cm diameter,
smooth to knobly, slightly elongate syncarp, green-yellowish.
Tree up to 35 m tall, 80 cm diameter, with spreading buttresses up to 2.5 m tall. Bark grey,
smooth; inner bark white to reddish. Twigs 2-2.5 mm thick, finely pubescent with appressed
reddish hairs. Stipules amplexicaul, lanceolate, acute, 0.7-2 cm long, appressed pubescent with
reddish hairs. Leaves simple, spirally arranged, upper surface glabrous, lower surface glabrous
or sparsely appressed short-hairy on the midrib and lateral veins; elliptic to oblong, 5-21 x 2-9
cm, base rounded or cuneate, margin entire, plane, apex acute or obtuse; midrib flat above;
lateral veins 9-13 pairs, looping near the leaf margin, distinct below, flat or faintly visible
above; intercostal venation scalariform or reticulate, visible below, faintly visible above; petiole
1-2 cm long. Inflorescences solitary or paired, axillary or on twigs behind the leaves; peduncle
0.7-3.5 cm long, pubescent. Male heads cylindrical, 2-4 cm long, wrinkled; perianth c. 0.4 mm
long, deeply bilobed; stamens c. 0.5 mm long, filaments cylindrical, anthers ellipsoid, c. 0.2 mm
long. Female flowers with exserted styles. Syncarps axillary or borne on twigs behind the
leaves, ellipsoid to subglobose, c. 4.5 x 3.5 cm, surface hairy, smooth or areolate, or covered by
contiguous, low, umbonate processes 2-3 mm across; peduncle 1.5-5.8 cm long, pubescent. [from Tree Flora
of Sabah and Sarawak]
In undisturbed to slightly disturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 1000 m altitude. Usually on
hillsides and ridges with sandy to ultrabasic soils, but also found in swampy habitats.
The wood is locally used for making household utensils and door or window frames. Small amounts of
latex sometimes used as substitute for coconut oil in cooking. Latex sometimes used as bird glue.
Fruits are edible.
Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.
Borneo: Bodut, Kudu, Mangha air, Nangka air, Pudu, Tampang bukit.
Sabah: pudu (Dusun, preferred name).
Sarawak: pudau (Malay, Iban), pudu (Iban), pupud, selibut (Kayan), puduh (Bidayuh), puroh (Berawan).